January 2003 Grade 8 English Language Arts (ELA) Test

Raw Score Range 2003

Scale Score Range*

Performance Level

ELA 8

0-16

527-657

1

17-30

658-696

2

31-38

697-736

3

39-43

737-830

4

*The scale scores associated with each of the four performance levels for the 2003 Grade 8 ELA Test were changed from those associated with the four performance levels for the 2002 test due to the change in the scheduling of this examination from March to January.

The Grade 8 ELA test was designed to measure student progress in English language arts as defined by the New York State Learning Standards. The chart above shows three types of information that can be derived from the test: raw scores, scale scores, and performance levels.

Raw Score

Raw scores are a numerical representation of the number or degree of correct responses.

The raw score is derived by using all multiple-choice and open-ended items on the Grade 8 ELA Test. Each multiple choice item is worth 1 point. The value of each open-ended item depends on the number of points in the rubric used to score the item. For instance, if a 4-point rubric is used, the item would be worth 4 points. For the Grade 8 ELA Test, the maximum total raw score is 43 points. Raw scores cannot be compared from year to year.

Scale Score

The scale score shows the level of proficiency a student has in English language arts (i.e., listening, reading, and writing combined). Scale scores were arrived at through a standard setting study conducted with an expert panel of New York State teachers. The Grade 8 ELA scale scores use a numerical scale that runs continuously from beginning skills (scale score range of 527-657) to advanced skills (scale score range of 737-830). The scale scores enable comparisons from year to year because the same scale score represents the same level of achievement for the New York State Standards, even if slight changes in the test from year to year cause slight changes in the raw scores.

Performance Level

Students are classified into one of the four levels of performance based on their overall performance on the test as determined by their ELA scale scores. A student's performance level provides information on a student's abilities in relation to the New York State ELA Learning Standards. New York State teachers established descriptions of the skills and knowledge required in each performance level. These descriptions are part of the individual student score report that is sent to schools by CTB/McGraw-Hill.

G8ELA

Raw Score

G8ELA Scale Score

0

527

1

527

2

527

3

527

4

527

5

539

6

598

7

614

8

623

9

630

10

636

11

640

12

645

13

648

14

651

15

655

16

657

17

660

18

663

19

665

20

668

21

670

22

672

23

675

24

677

25

680

26

682

27

685

28

688

29

691

30

694

31

697

32

701

33

704

34

709

35

713

36

719

37

725

38

732

39

741

40

753

41

768

42

791

43

830

More information on scoring can be found in the two-part electronic publication, "Determining the Scoring for the Grade 4 and the Grade 8 English Language Arts and Mathematics Examinations":

Part 1 -- Test Structure, History, Types of Scores, Performance Indicates http://www.p12.nysed.gov/ciai/testing/assesspubs/detgr4&8scorelamat.pdf

Part 2 -- Frequently Asked Questions http://www.p12.nysed.gov/ciai/testing/assesspubs/02dscorfaq.pdf