OBE-FLS

Bilingual Education and Foreign Language Studies

Alphabetized by Country

COUNTRY LANGUAGE(S)
Afghanistan Dari (called Farsi in Iran) and Pashto (aka Pushto) are the official languages. There are also about one million speakers of Uzbek, one-half million speakers of Turkmen (aka Turkoman), and about one-half million speakers of Brahui
Albania Albanian
Algeria Arabic, Among Berber languages, Kabyle is predominant.
Argentina Spanish, Pampa
Armenia Armenian
Austria German
Azerbaijan Azeri
Bahrain Arabic
Bangladesh Bengali is predominant, Brahui is spoken by a small minority.
Belgium Flemish and French are the official languages
Belorussia Belorussian, Russian
Belize Garifuna
Bhutan Jonkha is the official language. Nepali is also spoken.
Bolivia The official language is Spanish, which is spoken by less than 40 percent of the population. The predominant Indian languages are Quechua, Aymara, and Saramo (aka Itonama; spoken by less than 19 percent of the population).
Bosnia Serbo-Croation
Brazil Portuguese
Brunei Visayak
Bulgaria Bulgarian
Burkina Faso French is the official language. Mossi (aka More) is the predominant native language. Gurma, Fulani, Dejula, and Tuareg are also spoken.
Burma
(now known as the Union of Myanmar)
Burmese is the official language. Two predominant languages are Karen and Shan. Hmong is spoken by a small minority.
Burundi Rundi and French are the official languages. Swahili (aka Kiswahili) serves as a commercial language.
Cambodia (now known as Kampuchea) Khmer (aka Camboge) is the official language. Hmong and French are also spoken. Cham is the predominant tribal language.
Cameroon French and English are the official languages. There are over 100 native languages, of which Fulani, Hausa, and Shua Arabic are included. Sari is spoken, not written, by a small minority.
Canada English and French are the official languages. Algonquin is the language of the Algonquian Indians of North America.
Chile Spanish. Araucanian is the predominant Indian language spoken.
Chad Arabic, Shua Arabic
China Standard Chinese (Mandarin) is spoken by 70% of the population. Other dialects include: Wu, Min, Cantonese, and Kejia.
Colombia Spanish, Palenque (aka Palenquero)
Costa Rica Spanish
Croatia Serbo-Croatian
Cuba Spanish
Cyprus Greek, Turkish
Czech Republic Czech
Dahomey French is the official language. Fon is the predominant native language. Hausa and Yoruba are also spoken.
Denmark Danish
Dominician Republic Spanish
Ecuador Spanish. Quechua is the predominant Indian language.
Egypt Arabic, Sudanese Arabic (not intelligible to speakers of modern Arabic)
El Salvador Spanish
Estonia Estonian
Ethiopia Amharic (aka Ethiopian) is the official language. Other predominant languages include Galla, Sidamo, Somali, Tigrinya, Tigre, and Sudanese Arabic (not intelligible to speakers of modern Arabic).
Finland Finnish
France French is the official language, Proven Hial, Breton, Basque, and Catal are spoken regionally.
Gambia English is the official language. Fulani and Malinke are also spoken.
Georgia Georgian, Ossetian
Germany, Federal Republic of (including former German Democratic Republic) German is the official language. Yiddish is spoken in the Jewish communities.
Ghana English is the official language. Other predominant languages include Ewe, Ga, Adangme, Gurma, Dagomba (aka Dagbane), Hausa, and Akan, of which Twi and Fante (aka Fanti) are the major dialects.
Greece Greek
Guam Chamor
Guatemala Spanish. Fifty percent of the population speak different Mayan languages, of which Quiche is predominant.
Guinea French is the official language. Fulani and Malinke are also spoken.
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese is the official language, Fulani, Balante, and Malinke are also spoken.
Guyana English is predominant. Arawak is spoken by a small minority.
Haiti French and Haitian Creole are the official languages.
Honduras Spanish, Garifuna
Hong Kong English is the official language. Chinese (Cantonese) is spoken by the majority.
Hungary Hungarian
Iceland Icelandic
India India is the most linguistically varied country in the world, with hundreds of languages spoken. Hindi is the predominant language. Along with English, it is official. Other predmoinant languages are: ,Assamese, Kashmiri, Rajasthani, ,Bengali, Malayalam, Sanskrit, ,Bhili, Marathi, Sindhi, ,Bihari, Nepali, Tami, ,Gujarati, Oriya, Telugu, ,Kanarese, Punjabi, Urdi, Kafiri, Shina, and Khowan are spoken by Dards ,in India. One of the 15 constitutionally recognized ,languages.aka Kannada aka Panjabi
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesian is the official language. Other languages include: Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese.
Iran Farsi (called Dari in Afghanistan) is the official language. Azerbaijani, Baluchi, Baharlu (dialect of Azerbaijani spoken by 17.2 percent of the population) are also spoken. Kurdish is spoken by the Kurds. There are 10,000 speakers of Brahui.
Iraq Arabic is the official language. Kurdish is also spoken by the Kurds.
Ireland English is the official language, as well as Irish Gaelic.
Israel Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages. Yiddish is spoken by 5 percent of the population.
Italy Italian
Jamaica English is the official language. Western Caribbean Creole English (dialects: Jamaican Creole English, Jamaican Patwa, Bongo Talk, and Quashie Talk).
Japan Japanese
Jordan Arabic
Kampuchea (aka Cambodia) Khmer (aka Camboge) is the official language. French and Hmong are also spoken. Cham is the predominant tribal language.
Kazakhstan Kazakh, Russian
Kenya Swahili (aka Kiswahili) is the official language. Other predominant languages include Kikuyu, Kamba, Kamba, Luo, Galla, and Somali.
Korea, North & South Korean
Kuwait Arabic
Laos Lao, Hmong
Latvia Latvian
Lebanon Arabic
Lesotho Sotho-Southern (spoken by 85 percent of the population), Zulu (spoken by 15 percent of the population)
Liberia English is the official language. Kpelle is the most widely spoken native language. Grebo is also spoken.
Libya Arabic
Lithuania Lithuanian
Luxembourg French
Macedonia Madedonian
Malagasy Republic Malagasy and French are the official languages.
Malaysia Malay. Tamil is also spoken.
Malawi English is the official language. Afrikaans and Zulu are also spoken.
Mali French is the official language. Bambara and Fulani are the most predominant native languages.
Malta Maltese
Mauritania French is the official language. Fulani is also spoken.
Mexico Spanish. Among the various Indian languages, Nahuatl is predominant.
Moldava Romanian, Russian
Morocco Arabic. Among Berber languages, Shluh and Tamazight are predonimant.
Nepal Nepali
Netherlands Dutch
Netherlands Antilles Dutch is the official language, but Papiamento is widely spoken in the southern islands of Curacao, Aruba, and Bonaire.
New Guinea Aika
Nicaragua Spanish, Garifuna
Niger French is the official language. Hausa and Fulani are predominant native languages. Shua Arabic is spoken by a small minority.
Nigeria English is the official language. The most predominant native language is Hausa. Yoruba, Ibo, Kanuri, Yonba, Fulani, and Shua Arabic are also apoken.
Norway Norwegian
Oman Arabic is the official language. South Arabic, a term used to denote various related dialects, is also spoken.
Pakistan Urdu is the official language. Kashmiri, Shina, Punjabi (aka Panjabi), Sindhi, Pashto (aka Pushto), Baluchi, and Brahui are also apoken.
Panama Spanish
Paraguay Spanish and Guaran are the official languages.
People's Democratic Arabic is the official language,
Republic of Yemen South Arabic, a term used to denote various related dialects, is also spoken.
Peru Spanish. Quechua is the predominant Indian language. Aymara is also spoken.
Philippines Pilipino (aka Tagalog) and English are the official languages. Among the 82 dialects spoken, Ilocano is predominant. Cebuan is also spoken.
Poland Polish is the official language. Yiddish is spoken by a small minority.
Portugal Portuguese
Puerto Rico Spanish is the official language.
Qatar Arabic
Romania Romanian is the official language. Yiddish is spoken by a small minority.
Russia Russian
Rwanda Rwanda and French are the official languages. Swahili (aka Kiswahili) is also spoken.
Samoa Samoan
Saudi Arabia Arabic is the official language. South Arabic, a term used to denote various related dialects, is also spoken.
Scotland English is the official language. Scottish Gaelic is spoken by 2 percent of the population.
Senegal French is the official language. Wolof, Fulani, and Malinke are the predominant native language
Serbia Serbo-Croation
Sikkim Nepali
Singapore Malay is the national language. Chinese, an official language, along with Tamil and English, is spoken by about 75 percent of the population.
Slovakia Slovak
Slovenia Slovenian
Somalia Somali
South Africa Afrikaans and English are the official languages. Soth-Northern, Sotho-Southern, and Zulu are spoken in South Affrica.
Spain Spanish is the official language, as well as Catal, Galician, and Basque.
Sri Lanka Sinhalese is the official language. Tamil is also spoken.
Sudan Arabic, Sudanese Arabic (spoken by over 11 million people; not intelligible to speakers of modern Arabic)
Swaziland Swazi and English are the official languages. Zulu is spoken by 2.3 percent of the population.
Sweden Swedish
Switzerland French, German, Italian, and Romansch are the four official languages.
Syria Arabic is the official language. Kurdish is spoken by the Kurds.
Taiwan Chinese (Mandarin dialect) is the official language, but native Taiwanese speak the Fukienese (aka Amoy) dialect.
Tajikistan Tajik
Tanzania Swahili (aka Kiswahili) and English are the official languages. Over 100 tribal languages are spoken, of which Sukama is predominant.
Thailand Thai. Chinese, Malay and Hmong are also spoken.
Tibet Autonomous Region of China Tibetan
Togo French is the official language. Ewe is the predominant native language followed by Kabre, Gurma, and Hausa.
Tunisia Arabic
Turkey Turkish. Kurdish is spoken by the Kurds.
Turkmenistan Turkmen
Uganda Swahili (aka Kiswahili)
Ukraine Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates Arabic
United States New York State Native American languages include Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Algonquin and Navajo. (These languages are listed because they were reported by school districts. In addition, Native American languages indigenous to and still spoken in New York State are Cayuga, Onondaga, and Tuscarora.)
Uruguay Spanish
Uzbekistan Uzbek
Venezuela Spanish
Vietnam Vietnamese is the official language. Hmong is also spoken.
Zaire French is the official language. Predominant native languages are Swahili (aka Kiswahili) and Luba.
Zambia English is the official language. Bemba is the predominant native language, followed by Tonga and Nyanja (aka Chinyanja).
Zimbabwe English is the official language. Afrikaans, Shona, and Ndebele are also spoken.
Last Updated: February 9, 2012