Include Page
Left side of our banner Right side of our banner
Home New York State Education Department Curriculum Instruction and Instructional Technology Virtual Learning System


During the Age of Exploration, different cultures discovered each other and subsequently found that they were neighbors. Formal agreements called treaties were established to set the rules for coexistence. Both the French and the Dutch sought treaties with the Haudenosaunee in order to maintain and expand the lucrative fur trade. Unfortunately, the Haudenosaunee concept of land and treaties differed greatly from the European perspectives of land ownership and treaties.


  • How did Haudenosaunee and European concepts on land ownership differ?
  • In what ways did European and Haudensaunee concepts of treaties differ?
  • How did these cultural differences eventually lead to conflict?

Previous Next