Include Page
Left side of our banner Right side of our banner
Home New York State Education Department Curriculum Instruction and Instructional Technology Virtual Learning System


Early encounters between the Europeans and Native American peoples date back to the 16th century. At approximately the same time in 1609, Samuel de Champlain, sailing for the French, and Henry Hudson, sailing for the Dutch, explored northeastern North America. A chain reaction resulted that included the establishment of New France and New Netherland, a collision of cultures between Native American peoples and Europeans, and a struggle for political and economic power. These reactions shaped the histories of Canada and the United States.


  • In what ways and to what extent were the cultural relationships between Europeans and indigenous peoples established in 1609?
  • How did the encounter lead to political and economic conflicts?
  • What technological advantages did Champlain and Hudson have in their encounters with the Iroquois?

Previous Next