Left side of our banner Right side of our banner
Home New York State Education Department Curriculum Instruction and Instructional Technology Virtual Learning System

Vocabulary Activity

DIRECTIONS: Ask the class to examine the “Come Explore” vocabulary list. Introduce the Predicting Vocabulary study guide to the class. Divide the class into small groups or pairs. Assign each pair a vocabulary word from the list and ask them to complete the Predicting Vocabulary for their word.

Predicting Vocabulary

Vocabulary Word:  fathom

1. Write the sentence in which it appears in the text:

So we sent our Boate to sound, and found that it was a very good Harbour, and foure and five fathomes, two Cables length from the shoare.

2. Based upon how it is used in the text, predict what the word means:
It has to do with depth of water.

3. Consult an “expert” – or look up the meaning of the word:
Definition:
A measure of six feet; measure of depth  (Oxford)

4. Write your own sentence using the word – showing that you understand:
The ship sank six fathomes to the bottom of the lake.

5. Describe the best way for you to remember the meaning of this word and draw a picture to help you remember it.

water gif

______six feet_______

______depth of water______

Teachable moments stress that documents should be analyzed from the perspective of their original, historical and cultural contexts, but they can also be viewed from contemporary perspectives. It is important that our students develop the ability to interact and engage with a broad range of instructional materials. Please exercise discretion as you create your commemorative lessons.

Predicting Vocabulary from Come Explore with Henry Hudson

 

Vocabulary Word: _________________________________________

 


1. Write the sentence in which it appears in the Journal of Robert Juet:



2. Based upon how it is used in the text, predict what the word means:



3. Consult an “expert” - or look up the meaning of the word:
Definition:



4. Write your own sentence using the word - showing that you understand:



5. Describe the best way for you to remember the meaning of this word and draw a picture to help you remember it.



blank image for drawing

INTERDISCIPLINARY CONNECTIONS:

Mathematics:

Mathematics, Science, & Technology Standard 1: Analysis, Inquiry, and Design

Facts About the Half Moon
Length on Deck: 85 feet Original Construction: carvel-fitted planks
Length on Keel: 64.5 feet Original Construction Date: 1608
Height: 78 feet Replica Construction Date: 1989
Beam: 17.3 feet Masts: fore, main, mizzen
Draft: 8.5 feet Sail Area: 2,757 square feet
Crew: 15-20 Anchors: 4
Class: Yacht Cannons: 2 starboard, 2 larboard, 2 stern
Displacement: 112 tons chasers
Storage: 80 tons Flags: foremast, United Provinces;
Rigging: square and lateen mainmast, United Provinces; Mizzenmast,
sails City of Amsterdam; Jackstaff, VOC
  Amsterdam.



boat

New Netherland Museum
http://www.hudsonriver.com/history/halfmoon.htm

Directions: Use the Facts About the Half Moon to answer the questions. Show all work.

1. On the Facts About the Half Moon chart it lists 2 starboard, 2 larboard, and 2 stern chaser cannons. How many cannons are on the Half Moon? Answer _______________

2. How many more Cannons than Anchors? [Hint: Use your answer from number one to help figure it out.

Answer _______________

3. Using the Sail Area on the chart, write the number of square feet in expanded form.

Answer _______________

4. What is the difference in feet between the Length on Deck and the Height of the ship? Show your work:

Answer _______________

5. How many years have passed between the Original Construction of the Half Moon and the Replica Construction of the Half Moon? Show your work:

Answer _______________

6. You have traded beads and knives with the Indians for new cargo. You now have 35 tons of water, 32 tons of food, 5 tons of furs, 2 tons of green tobacco, and 5 tons of Indian wheat. If your ship can carry 80 tons of cargo will you be able to safely set sail?

Show your work and then fill in the equation.

equation


Explain on the lines below, how you will determine if it is safe to set sail with this load of cargo.

7. If there are 15 crewmembers and 5 rooms for beds, how many crew members must sleep in each room?


Show your work:



Answer _______________

8. Use the Facts About the Half Moon chart to find the measurement in feet of the following items. Then, round each amount to the nearest whole number.

Keel ___________feet rounds to _______________________

Beam ___________feet rounds to _______________________

Draft ___________feet rounds to _______________________

9. You have been commissioned to build 3 ships exactly like the Half Moon. How many feet of deck will you need to make?

Show your work:



Answer _______________

10. If you have a crew of 20 and 1/5 of the crew sleeps while the rest work, how many of the crewmembers are working and how many are sleeping?

Show your work:

Answer _______________crew working

Answer _______________crew sleeping

11. You have a full load of cargo in storage. Given the storage amount on the Facts About the Half Moon chart, if of your cargo in storage is damaged by water, how many tons are left in storage?

Show your work:

Answer _______________

What percent of your cargo was lost to water damage?

Show your work:

Answer _______________

12. You have 2,757 square feet of sail. There are 3 masts. If each mast holds the same amount of sail, approximately how many square feet of sail will each mast hold?

Show your work:

Answer _______________

The Arts:

The Arts Standard 1: Creating, Performing, and Participating in the Arts Visual Arts
The Arts Standard 4: Understanding the Cultural Dimensions and Contributions of the Arts

  • Have students research the kinds of ships that Hudson might have used and draw pictures of sailing vessels and technologies that were used by 17th century Europeans.
  • Assign a project such as creating murals depicting the land that Henry Hudson explored on his third voyage of discovery.
English Language Arts:

English Language Arts Standard 1: Language for Information and Understanding
English Language Arts Standard 2: Language for Critical Analysis and Evaluation

• Robert Juet, an officer on the Half Moon, wrote an account of that ship's landing in New York Harbor and its crew's first meeting with the Native Americans there. (You can see how words and spelling have changed since Juet's day!) Edit the following sentences that are excerpts from Juet's Journal for correct spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Write the corrected sentences in your best handwriting.

1. The fourth, in the morning, as sooneas the day was light, wee aw that it was good riding farther up.



This day the people of the Countrey came aboord of us, seeming very glad of our coming, and brought greene Tabacco, and gave us it for Knives and Beads.



2. They goe in Deere skins loose, well dressed.



3. They desire Cloathes, and are very civill



4. At night they went on Land againe, so wee rode very quiet, but durst not trust them.



Directions: Write an acrostic poem about Henry Hudson's exploration. An acrostic poem is a poem in which the first letter of each line begins with a letter of the person or thing you are writing about. The lines may consist of words or phrases that describe something about the main word.

Example of an Acrostic Poem:

  •   Determined to find a new passage to India,
  •   Unique opportunity available
  •   Two daring sea captains.
  •   Can you see yourself exploring for the Dutch East India  Company?
  •   Henry Hudson dares to try.

Suggested Words for your poem:
Henry Hudson, Half Moon, Explore, Explorer, Voyage, Northwest Passage, Hudson River, Netherlands, Trade, Robert Juet, Dutch East India Company

Modifications for K-2 students:

  • Have a contest to see who can make the longest word family lists for the words: trade, river, (Half) Moon, East, and/or sail.
  • Write as many words as students can think of that either begins with the same letter or have the same vowel sound as the given suggested word.
  • Cut and paste pictures that either begin with the same letter or have the same vowel sound as the given suggested word.

Mathematics, Science & Technology
Mathematics, Science & Technology Standard 4: Science The Living Environment

   • Robert Juet, who served as first mate on the Half Moon, proved to be a keen observer of the weather on Henry Hudson's 1609 voyage of discovery. Juet's Journal remains an important source of information on Hudson's watershed discovery. Have students create graphic organizers that show the weather patterns from early September through early November 1609.

Science

Modifications for grade K-2 students:
Students pretend to be explorers. They will take a nature walk or a field trip and each student will draw/write about interesting things he/she has "discovered". After the walk or field trip, each job below may be done as a center in which students will:

  • Make a broadside (ad/poster) to tell people about the discoveries made
  • Draw lines on a given map to show the places traveled
  • Make a picture book about the explorations with pictures/drawings and short written observations of the land, people, and resources (plants and animals found on the nature walk or field trip).
  • Orally present their exploration findings

Modifications for students with special needs:

Students can make picture/ story books that show Henry Hudson, the Half Moon, a map with labels of important places, the native people, and natural resources with captions or students may make a picture/ story book that shows an exploration of a field trip, or the local community and its various services, landmarks, etc. or

  • Students may go on a field trip then:
  • Make a broadside (ad/poster) to tell people about the discoveries made
  • Draw lines on a given map to show the places traveled
  • Make a book about the explorations with pictures/drawings and short written observations of the land, people, and resources (plants and animals found on the field trip).
  • Orally present their exploration findings to the Head of the Dutch East India Company.

Modifications for ELL students:

Students can make picture/ word books that show either Henry Hudson, the Half Moon, a map with labels of important places, the native people, and natural resources with caption words in both English and their native language or a picture/ word book that shows an exploration of their local community and various services, landmarks, etc

Physical Education

Health. Physical Education, and Family and Consumer Sciences Standard 1: Personal Health and Fitness Physical Education,

Activity 1:
Crow's Nest Climb or Cargo Net Climb-
Students will climb a rope hand over hand as a sailor would climb the mast/rigging to get to the crow's nest, or students can climb a cargo net as a sailor would climb the ship's rigging.

Activity 2:
Trade Relay-
Teams of students will run a relay race carrying and exchanging different items between three designated places to simulate the movement of cargo on trade ships.

Activity 3:
Deck Walk-
Students can explore what it was like to remain upright on the Half Moon during a storm by riding a Rola Bola by visiting http://www.wejuggle2.com/rolabola.php

Modifications for special needs students:

  • Write a class acrostic poem with everyone's help. Practice reciting the poem for fluency.
  • Play "Pop Up". To play the teacher tells students they will be listening for words with the same vowels sound, beginning or ending sound, etc. as a word from the suggested words above. When students hear the required sound they must pop up out of their seat and sit down again. Keep score of who pops up first each time or just play for fun.
  • Write an alliterative sentence using one of the suggested words. (Example: Henry Hudson had the Half Moon hidden in a harbor.)

Modifications for ELL students:

  • Use any of the modifications above


Previous Next