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The 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson’s exploration marked a watershed event that defined New York State. Humans like all living beings, depend on their environment to provide for their basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. The environment can also provide goods other people need. Henry Hudson and his crew depended on the environment in the new land they explored to provide for some of their basic needs. They also found many natural resources, which they were able to exchange in trade. Robert Juet, Henry Hudson’s first mate, recorded a European’s observation about the Hudson River region


  • Who were the first inhabitants of New York State and how did they live?
  • Why is Henry Hudson an important person in New York State history?
  • How did geography and the natural environment influence European and Native American settlement patterns in the Hudson Valley?

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