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Combined Standards [1] [2] [6] [7]

Math Standard 3 (Revised 2005)

Science Standard 4

Technology Standard 5


Standard 1 – Analysis, Inquiry, and Design
Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions.

Mathematical Analysis – Key Idea 3 - Critical thinking skills are used in the solution of mathematical problems.

Scientific Inquiry – Key Idea 1 - The central purpose of scientific inquiry is to develop explanations of natural phenomena in a continuing, creative process.

Scientific Inquiry – Key Idea 2 - Beyond the use of reasoning and consensus, scientific inquiry involves the testing of proposed explanations involving the use of conventional techniques and procedures and usually requiring considerable ingenuity.

Scientific Inquiry – Key Idea 3 - The observations made while testing proposed explanations, when analyzed using conventional and invented methods, provide new insights into phenomena.

Engineering Design – Key Idea 1 - Engineering design is an iterative process involving modeling and optimization finding the best solution within given constraints which is used to develop technological solutions to problems within given constraints.


Standard 2 – Information Systems
Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information using appropriate technologies.

Information Systems – Key Idea 1 - Information technology is used to retrieve, process, and communicate information and as a tool to enhance learning.

Information Systems – Key Idea 2 - Knowledge of the impacts and limitations of information systems is essential to its effective and ethical use.

Information Systems – Key Idea 3 - Information technology can have positive and negative impacts on society, depending on how it is used.


Standard 3 – Mathematics (Revised 2005)
Students will understand the concepts of and become proficient with the skills of mathematics; communicate and reason mathematically; become problem solvers by using appropriate tools and strategies; through the integrated study of number sense and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, and statistics and probability.

Students will gain a better understanding of mathematics and have longer retention of mathematical knowledge as they solve problems, reason mathematically, prove mathematical relationships, participate in mathematical discourse, make mathematical connections, and model and represent mathematical ideas in a variety of ways.  A broad range of content, taught in an integrated fashion, allows students to see how various mathematics knowledge is related, not only within mathematics, but also to other disciplines and the real world as well.

Performance Indicators from the elementary, middle and commencement levels:

Communications Strand

Connections Strand

Representation Strand

Standard 4 – Science

Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.

Physical Setting – Key Idea 2 - Many of the phenomena that we observe on Earth involve interactions among components of air, water, and land.

Physical Setting – Key Idea 4 - Energy exists in many forms, and when these forms change energy is conserved.

The Living Environment – Key Idea 5 - Organisms maintain a dynamic equilibrium that sustains life.

The Living Environment – Key Idea 6 - Plants and animals depend on each other and their physical environment.

The Living Environment – Key Idea 7 - Human decisions and activities have had a profound impact on the physical and living environment.


Standard 5 – Technology
Students will apply technological knowledge and skills to design, construct, use, and evaluate products and systems to satisfy human and environmental needs.

Key Idea 3 – Computer Technology - Computers, as tools for design, modeling, information processing, communication, and system control, have greatly increased human productivity and knowledge.

Key Idea 4 – Technological Systems - Technological systems are designed to achieve specific results and produce outputs, such as products, structures, services, energy, or other systems.

Key Idea 5 – History and Evolution of Technology - Technology has been the driving force in the evolution of society from an agricultural to an industrial to an information base.

Key Idea 6 – Impacts of Technology - Technology can have positive and negative impacts on individuals, society, and the environment and humans have the capability and responsibility to constrain or promote technological development.

Key Idea 7 – Management of Technology: Project management is essential to ensuring that technological endeavors are profitable and that products and systems are of high quality and built safely, on schedule, and within budget.


Standard 6 – Interconnectedness: Common Themes
Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning.

Systems Thinking – Key Idea 1 - Through systems thinking, people can recognize the commonalities that exist among all systems and how parts of a system interrelate and combine to perform specific functions.

Magnitude and Scale – Key Idea 3 - The grouping of magnitudes of size, time, frequency, and pressures or other units of measurement into a series of relative order provides a useful way to deal with the immense range and the changes in scale that affect the behavior and design of systems.

Equilibrium and Stability – Key Idea 4 - Equilibrium is a state of stability due either to a lack of changes (static equilibrium) or a balance between opposing forces (dynamic equilibrium).

Patterns of Change – Key Idea 5 - Identifying patterns of change is necessary for making predictions about future behavior and conditions.

Optimization – Key Idea 6 - In order to arrive at the best solution that meets criteria within constraints, it is often necessary to make trade-offs.


Standard 7 – Interdisciplinary Problem Solving
Students will apply the knowledge and thinking skills of mathematics, science, and technology to address real-life problems and make informed decisions.

Note: All of the Key Ideas and Performance Indicators included in MST Standard 7 accentuate interdisciplinary learning.

New York State Education Department
Civics Education Toolkit
Learning Standards Crosswalk
© 2008 NYSED