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Comparison of 1998 Core Curriculum and 2005 Core Curriculum for Grades PreK-8
May 2005

The following chart lists the concepts and skills in Measurement and indicates the grade level that includes that topic in both the 1998 Core Curriculum and the 2005 Core Curriculum.

MEASUREMENT

Concept/Skill

1998 Core Curriculum

2005 Core Curriculum

Units of Measurement Grades Prekindergarten-7 (develop an understanding of both metric and customary units, beginning with non-standard units and progressing to standard units) Prekindergarten (informal)

Grades Kindergarten-1 (attributes of length, non-standard units)

Grade 1 (understand that length can be measured, introduce inch)

Grade 2 (standard (whole inches and whole feet) and non-standard units)

Grade 3 (whole and inches, whole feet, and whole yards)

Grade 4 (whole, and inches, whole feet, whole yards, whole centimeters, and whole meters, equivalent standard units of length)

Grade 5 (extend to inch, identify customary and metric units, measure to the nearest centimeter, identify equivalent customary and metric units of length, convert within a given system)

Grade 8 (dimensional analysis, including Celsius to Fahrenheit and vice versa)

Measurement Tools Grades 1-2 (ruler and balance scale)

Grades 3-4 (select appropriate measurement tools)

Grades 5-6 (protractor and thermometer)

Grades 2, 4 (ruler)

Grades 3, 4 (select appropriate tools)

Grades 5 (protractor)

Grade 7 (scale, draw central angles in a given circle using a protractor, precision of measure)

Estimation Prekindergarten-Kindergarten through Grades 7-8 (estimation is continued throughout)

Grades 1-2 (understand that measurement is approximate, never exact)

Grade 1 (select appropriate non-standard units)

Grades 2-3 (include standard units)

Grades 5-7 (personal references for customary and metric units of length, justify reasonableness of estimates)

Time Prekindergarten-Kindergarten (develop concept of time)

Grades 1-2 (translate time between analog and digital)

Prekindergarten (day, night)

Grades Kindergarten-1 (morning, noon, afternoon, evening)

Clock Time

(Analog and Digital)

Grades 1-2 (to the half-hour, quarter, and minute)

Grades 3-4 (relate clock face to fractions of a circle, tell time to five-minutes one-minute, and one-second intervals)

Grades 7-8 (estimate elapsed time)

Grade 1 (tell time to the hour using both analog and digital clocks)

Grade 2 (tell time to half-hour and five minutes)

Grade 3 (tell time to the nearest minute, relate clock to fractions)

Grade 4 (calculate elapsed time in hours and half hours, not crossing a.m./p.m.)

Grade 5 (calculate elapsed time in hours and minutes)

Calendar Grades 1-2 (measure time to the day, month, and year, using a calendar) Grade 1 (days of the week and months of the year)

Grade 4 (elapsed time, days and weeks)

Money Prekindergarten-Kindergarten (names of coins and bills)

Grades 1-2 (make change up to $1.00)

Grade 1 (know vocabulary, recognize coins, notation, coin combinations up to 25 cents)

Grade 2 (extend to bills ($1, $5, $10, and $20), dollar notation as $, equivalent combinations to make one dollar)

Grade 3 (count currency using correct symbolism)

Grade 4 (make change)

Grade 7 (introduce exchange rate and convert between different currencies)

Mass Grades 1-2 (use balance scale to measure mass, introduce kilogram)

Grades 3-4 (select metric units for mass)

Grades 5-6 (judge reasonableness of mass measures, measure mass using standard and non-standard units)

Grade 2 (informal)

Grade 3 (extend to ounces and pounds)

Grade 4 (select appropriate tools, use grams and kilograms to measure mass)

Grade 7 (convert within a given system, identify customary and metric units of mass)

Capacity Prekindergarten-Kindergarten (introduce concept)

Grades 5-6 (relate to volume)

Prekindergarten-kindergarten (introduce concept)

Grades 5-6 (relate to volume)

Grade 3 (attribute that can be measured, compare capacities, measure using cups, pints, quarts, and gallons)

Grade 4 (extend to milliliters and liters)

Grade 6 (measure capacity and calculate volume of rectangular prisms, identify customary and metric units of capacity, identify equivalent customary and metric units, determine personal references)

Grade 7 (convert capacities within a given system)

Angle Measurement Grades 7-8 (introduce protractor as a tool to measure and drawn angles) Grade 5 (introduce protractor as a tool to measure and draw angles)

Grade 7 (draw central angles in a circle)

Scale Grades 5-6 (introduce use of a scale in relation to measurement, use maps and scale drawings to represent real objects or places) Grade 7 (scale on a map)
Unit Pricing Grades 7-8 Grade 7 (calculate and compare unit prices)