C&I

Curriculum and Instruction

Career Development Occupational Studies Graduation Pathway Option

June 2016

From: Angelica Infante-Green

Subject: Career Development Occupational Studies Graduation Pathway Option

Downloadable Resources:

Field Advisory (PDF Version) PDF document 

Attachment 1Career Plan Form PDF document

Attachment 2 – Work-based Learning Programs PDF document

Attachment 3 – Model Employability Profile and Directions PDF document

At their March 2016 meeting, the New York State Board of Regents approved through emergency action an amendment to sections 100.5 and 100.6 of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education to establish a new Career Development Occupational Studies (CDOS) graduation pathway for all students.  The regulations were approved as a permanent rule at the June Regents meeting are applicable to all students who are otherwise eligible to graduate in June 2016 and thereafter. 

Under the new “4+CDOS” pathway option, beginning June 2016 and thereafter, a student may graduate with a high school diploma if the student meets the graduation course and credit requirements established in section 100.5 of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education; passes (Footnote 1) four required Regents Exams or Department-approved alternative assessments (one in each of the following subjects: English, mathematics, science, and social studies); and meets the requirements to earn the New York State (NYS) CDOS Commencement Credential. 

In addition, the regulations were revised to expand the opportunity to all students (Footnote 2) to earn the NYS CDOS commencement credential.  Previously, only students with disabilities could exit school with a NYS CDOS Commencement Credential as a supplement to a regular high school diploma.  Students who are unable to earn a regular diploma may graduate with the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential as their only exiting credential. (Footnote 3) A copy of the full text of the amendment may be found at http://www.regents.nysed.gov/common/regents/files/316p12a1.pdf. PDF document

These regulations recognize the importance of extensive research that supports multiple pathways to graduation that connect both work and learning.(Footnote 4) In addition, work-based learning has become a focus of national discussion to prepare “career and college ready” graduates (Footnote 5).  Explicit instruction in career development and work-based learning is beneficial to all students as it focuses on a student’s ability to apply classroom learning in the real world, engages them by using authentic tasks, and teaches them employability skills.  The CDOS graduation pathway emphasizes the importance of this instruction for schools and helps to focus student commitment to career exploration and development, while ensuring students have appropriate opportunities to earn a high school diploma.

NYS CDOS COMMENCEMENT CREDENTIAL: REQUIREMENTS

The NYS CDOS Commencement Credential is a credential recognized by the NYS Board of Regents that certifies a student has the standards-based knowledge and skills necessary for entry-level employment.  The requirements to earn the credential were developed consistent with research and the guiding principles established by the Board of Regents.  The requirements are rigorous in that the student must receive instruction that supports the achievement of the CDOS learning standards through access to career and technical education (CTE) coursework and have opportunities to engage in school supervised work-based learning experiences, either in school and/or in the community. In addition, students must participate in career planning and preparation and have an employability profile demonstrating readiness for entry-level employment.  There are two options available for students to earn the credential:

OPTION 1

The student must have:

  • Developed a Career Plan that includes documentation of the student’s self-identified career interests; career-related strengths and needs; career goals; and career and technical coursework and work-based learning experiences that the student plans to engage in to achieve those goals.
  • Demonstrated achievement of the commencement level CDOS learning standards in the areas of career exploration and development; integrated learning; and universal foundation skills (Standards 1, 2 and 3a).  Successfully completed at least 216 hours (Footnote 6) of CTE coursework and/or work-based learning experiences (of which at least 54 hours must be in work-based learning experiences).  
  • At least one completed employability profile that documents the student’s employability skills and experiences; attainment of each of the commencement level CDOS learning standards; and, as appropriate, attainment of technical knowledge and work-related skills, work experiences, performance on industry-based assessments and other work-related and academic achievements.

Each of the above requirements is further explained below.

CAREER PLANS

To earn the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential through Option 1, a student must have completed a commencement level Career Plan that includes documentation of the following:

  • the student’s self-identified career interests;
  • career-related strengths and needs;
  • career goals; and
  • CTE coursework and work-based learning experiences that the student plans to engage in to achieve those goals.

The activities that the student includes in his/her Career Plan are not limited to those career-related activities that will be provided by the school and may include other activities that the student involves him or herself in outside of school (e.g., volunteer work or summer employment).

School districts must provide students with the form to document the student’s Career Plan.  A copy of the model form developed by NYSED is provided in Attachment 1 and is also available at http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/careerplan/.  A student may choose to develop his/her Career Plan online, beginning in middle school, using CareerZone, a career exploration and planning website for youth that is provided at no cost to users by the NYS Department of Labor at www.careerzone.ny.gov.

Schools must assist the student, as appropriate, to develop his/her Career Plan. A student’s preferences and interests, as identified in the Career Plan, must be reviewed by the student at least once annually and, for a student with a disability, must be considered by the committee on special education in the development of the student’s individualized education program (IEP).  A copy of the student’s Career Plan that was in effect during the school year in which the student exits high school must be maintained in the student’s permanent record.

CDOS LEARNING STANDARDS

To earn this credential, the school must have documentation that the student demonstrated achievement of commencement level knowledge and skills relating to the CDOS learning standards in the areas of:

1.   career development;

2.   integrated learning; and

3a. universal foundation skills.

(Students may, but would not be required to, also achieve competencies in career majors (Standard 3b).)

Instruction toward the commencement level learning standards should begin in elementary school and continue throughout the student’s high school experience.  The CDOS learning standards, which are provided at the Elementary, Intermediate and Commencement levels, include a progression of learning standards:

  1. Career Development: Students will be knowledgeable about the world of work, explore career options, and relate personal skills, aptitudes, and abilities to future career decisions.  Learning standards in the area of career awareness and exploration may be evidenced by completing a Career Plan; applying decision-making skills in the selection of a career option; analyzing skills and abilities necessary for specific career options and participating in work experiences as described in Section II of the New York State Work-Based Learning Manual (http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/wbl/home.html).
  2. Integrated Learning: Students will demonstrate how academic knowledge and skills are applied in the workplace and other settings.  This may be evidenced by applying academic knowledge and skills across multiple settings and demonstrating the ability to research, interpret, analyze and evaluate information. 3a.

      3a. Universal Foundation Skills: Students will demonstrate mastery of the foundation     skills and compentencies essential for success in the workplace.

  • Basic Skills (reading, writing, listening, speaking, arithmetical and mathematical functions);
  • Thinking Skills (problem solving, experimenting, focused observation and applying knowledge to new and unfamiliar situations);
  • Personal Qualities (self-management, planning, organizing and taking independent action);
  • Interpersonal Skills (teamwork and cooperation in large and small groups in family, social and work situations);
  • Technology (designing and creating things from available resources to satisfy personal and societal needs and wants);
  • Managing Information (accessing and using information obtained from other people, community resources and computer networks);
  • Managing Resources (applying financial and human factors, and the elements of time and materials to successfully carry out a planned activity); and
  • Systems (understanding and working within natural and constructed systems).

 3b. Career Majors: (Optional for this credential.)  Students who choose a career major will acquire the career-specific technical knowledge/skills necessary to progress toward gainful employment, career advancement, and success in postsecondary programs.  The learning standards for career majors may be evidenced by acquisition of specific knowledge and skills within a specific career major.  The Career Majors include the following:

  • Business/Information Systems;
  • Health Services;
  • Engineering/Technologies;
  • Human and Public Services;
  • Natural and Agricultural Sciences; and
  • Arts/Humanities.

The CDOS learning standards can be found on the Department’s website at http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/cdlearn/documents/cdoslea.pdf. PDF document Guidance provided on this website includes key ideas, performance indicators describing expectations for students and sample tasks suggesting evidence of progress toward the standards.  The Career Development and Occupational Studies (CDOS) Resource Guide with Core Curriculum is a companion document to the CDOS learning standards that provides information on the core content for each learning standard and career major, including teacher-developed classroom activities that help students achieve the CDOS learning standards (see http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/cdlearn/cdosresourceguide.html).

CTE COURSEWORK AND WORK-BASED LEARNING

To earn the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential, a student must have successfully completed not less than the equivalent of two units of study (Footnote 7) (216 hours) in either CTE courses and/or work-based learning experiences.

  • CTE Coursework.  For purposes of this credential, CTE coursework means grades 9-12 CTE courses, including specialized and integrated courses approved by either the local board of education or by NYSED. For information on CTE courses, see http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/.
  • Work-based learning experiences. Every student earning this credential must have earned a minimum of 54 documented hours of work-based learning experiences, which count towards the 216 hour requirement. These experiences must be under the supervision of the school district.

Work-based learning experiences may be provided through student participation in:

work-based learning experiences that are district approved including, but not limited to:

  • job shadowing;
  • community service/volunteering/service learning (Footnote 8);
  • senior projects(s); and/or
  • school-based enterprise(s);
  • (for students with disabilities only) community-based work programs; and/or through
  • State-approved registered programs (i.e., Career Exploration Internship Program (CEIP); General Education Work Experience Program (GEWEP); Work Experience and Career Exploration Program (WECEP); and Career and Technical Education Cooperative Work Experience Program (CO-OP)).

For further information on work-based learning experiences, see www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/wbl/docs/WBLmanualMarch2013.doc. Word document

All registered work-based learning programs must be under the supervision of a NYS certified work-based learning coordinator.  It is highly recommended that all work-based learning activities that place students out in the business community, whether registered or not, be under the supervision of a NYS certified work-based learning coordinator for the safety and protection of the student and employer.              

Nonregistered work-based learning programs should include, but are not limited to, the following components:

  • a certified teacher or guidance counselor with the proper work-based learning career development extension overseeing the learning experience;
  • an appropriate work site placement;
  • supervised on-the-job training;
  • related in-school instruction;
  • coordination of in-school and work site components;
  • a training plan;
  • student evaluation;
  • a copy of student working papers for work site placement; and
  • a memorandum of agreement with the work site.

The student, family, and school staff (e.g., CTE teachers, school counselors and work-based learning coordinators, etc.) should collaborate to create a coherent program that includes related in-school instruction and coordination of in-school and work site components.  For students with disabilities, the work-based learning coordinator should also collaborate with special education teachers to assure that the expectations of the worksite and the needs/goals of the students are considered.

Work-based learning experiences must be provided consistent with NYSED guidelines and documented in a student’s transcript.  Guidance on these and other work-based learning programs is provided in Attachment 2 and at http://www.p12.nysed.gov/cte/wbl/home.html.

EMPLOYABILITY PROFILE

The district must ensure that the student has at least one work skills employability profile completed within one year prior to a student’s exit from high school that documents the student’s:

  • employability skills and experiences;
  • attainment of each of the commencement level CDOS learning standards for standards 1, 2 and 3a; and
  • as appropriate, attainment of technical knowledge and work-related skills, work experiences, performance on industry-based assessments and other work-related and academic achievements.

A copy of the student’s employability profile(s) must be maintained in the student’s permanent record.  An employability profile provides students with a better understanding of how others view their strengths and the skills they may need to continue to work on to realize their goals; summarizes their work-experiences, skills, abilities, knowledge and talents to assist in the development of a resume; and provides potential employers with evidence of work-skills attained.

Attachment 3 provides the State's model Employability Profile form which may be used to meet the documentation requirements for an award of the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential. Districts may also develop their own form or modify the model form as long as it includes documentation of the student's:

  • employability skills and experiences;
  • attainment of each of the commencement level CDOS learning standards; and
  • as appropriate, attainment of technical knowledge and work-related skills, work experiences, performance on industry-based assessments and other work-related and academic achievements.

EXCEPTION TO THE OPTION 1 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NYS CDOS COMMENCEMENT CREDENTIAL FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS

For students who transfer from another school district within the State or another state, the principal must, after consultation with relevant faculty, evaluate the work-based learning experiences and coursework on the student’s transcript or other records to determine if the student meets the requirements of the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential.  When making the determination as to whether the student meets the requirements of the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential in these situations, the principal, in consultation with relevant faculty should consider the following:

  • Documentation that the student has engaged in career planning and exploration.  Minimally, all students should, have a career plan;
  • Evidence that the student has attained each of the commencement level CDOS learning standards;
  • The extent to which the student has successfully completed instruction, courses of study and, for students with disabilities, transition activities at the secondary level related to the student’s post-secondary employment goals; and
  • An evaluation of the student’s employability skills, as documented in the employability profile of the student.

OPTION 2

In lieu of a student meeting the requirements of Option 1 to be awarded the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential, a district may award a student this credential if the student has met the requirements for one of the nationally recognized rigorous work readiness credentials, including but not limited to:

NOTE: Although a school district may provide individual students the option of earning the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential by meeting the requirements for one of the nationally recognized work readiness credentials, the national credential option should not be the only option available to students in the district to earn the Credential.

RESOURCES FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE          

The Department will continue to post additional guidance on the multiple pathways to graduation, including the CDOS pathway, in the coming months at http://www.p12.nysed.gov/ciai/multiple-pathways/. For questions about this memorandum or for additional information about graduation requirements and the multiple pathways to graduation, please contact the Office of Curriculum at 518-474-5922 or emscgradreq@nysed.gov.  Questions regarding CTE coursework and work-based learning programs can be directed to the Career and Technical Education Office at (518) 486-1547 or emsccte@nysed.gov.

Attachment 1Career Plan Form PDF document

Attachment 2 Work-based Learning Programs PDF document

Attachment 3 Model Employability Profile and Directions PDF document

Footnote 1: Safety net provisions and appeal options would apply.

Footnote 2: Except for students with severe disabilities who are eligible for the New York State Alternate Assessment who would exit with the Skills and Achievement Commencement Credential. Guidance on the Skills and Achievement Commencement Credential may be found at http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/publications/SACCmemo.htm.  

Footnote 3: If the NYS CDOS Commencement Credential is the student’s only exiting credential and the student is less than 21 years of age, he/she continues to be eligible for a free public education until the end of the school year in which he/she turns age 21.

Footnote 4: Work-Based Learning Opportunities for High School Students Corinne Alfeld Ivan Charner Lisa Johnson Eric Watts FHI 360 National Institute for Work and Learning February 2013

Footnote 5: Symonds, W. C., Schwartz, R. B., & Ferguson, R. (2011). Pathways to prosperity: Meeting the challenge of preparing young Americans for the 21st century. Report issued by the Pathways to Prosperity Project, Harvard Graduate School of Education. Boston, MA: Harvard Graduate School of Education

Footnote 6: These hours are equivalent to two courses which are usually completed as two of the student’s electives. 

Footnote 7: One unit of study is equivalent to 108 hours 

Footnote 8: “While federal funding for service learning was eliminated, many school districts continue to offer this as a work-based learning option (http://www.highered.nysed.gov/kiap/LEARNANDSERVE/)

 

Last Updated: June 30, 2016