NYSED Global History and Geography Online Resource Guide



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Establishment of Spanish Empire in the Americas

Establishment of the Spanish Empire in the Americas



Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution

By the 16th century, scientist began to based their concept of the world on observations and mathematical calculations dramatically changed European scientific thought. The work of Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton provided coherent alternatives to the earlier, long established Greek scientific models. The initial response to these new concepts by religious leaders and politicians was to suppress these new ideas. The publishing revolution helped to spread new ideas among scholars across Europe. It rested on the belief that observation and experience, not religious and political authorities, is the valid path to knowledge and understanding.The Scientific Revolution provided intellectual inspiration to the 18th century Enlightenment.

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Cultural Diffusion (Ideas/


Unit 5A


World History
Frauenburg Copenhagen Pisa Cambridge Leipzig Scientific Revolution Cities of Interest

2008 NYSED