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About This Guide (PDF)

What Is a Culture?  (PDF)
by Nancy Jervis, Ph.D.

Culture: A Geographical Perspective (PDF)
by  Charles Heatwole, Ph.D.

Curriculum Resources

Glossary (PDF)

Call For Content
PDF   /  Word

World Communities: What is a Culture? banner


Elementary-level teachers and social studies supervisors from across New York State contributed material or provided reviews for this publication at local social studies council conferences and meetings. The New York State Education Department wishes to recognize and thank the following individuals and their organizations for their cooperation, assistance, and support.


Charles Heatwole, Ph.D. Professor of Geography
Hunter College (CUNY), New York City

Nancy Jervis, Ph.D. Vice President and Director of Education
China Institute, New York City

Advisory Committee

Timothy Backus
South Colonie Central School District

Lee H. Bloom
United Nations Association

Mary Crawford
Nardin Academy, Buffalo

Robert Dytell
New York City Department of Education

Janice Fisher
United Nations Association

Joe McKenna
Bath Central School District

Debra Neubart
Ravena-Coeymans-Selkirk Central School District

Ivy Taylor
Ossining Union Free School District

Pauline Tsang
P.S. 225 (Ella Baker School),
Region 2, New York City

State Education Department Publication Team

If you have questions concerning the subject matter in this online resource guide, please contact

Anne Schiano
Assistant Director, Curriculum Instruction and Instructional Technology

JoAnn Larson
Associate in Social Studies Education

Donna Merlau
Associate in Social Studies Education

Lawrence Paska
Associate in Social Studies Education

For technical questions, please contact
Clare Carroll

this document is not available in print version.

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The University of the State of New York | The State Education Department
Albany, New York 12234 | www.nysed.gov | 2006