Curriculum and Instruction

Standard 3, Key Idea 1

Key Idea 1: Geography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. (Adapted from The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life)

Performance Indicators--Students will:


  • study about how people live, work, and utilize natural resources
  • draw maps and diagrams that serve as representations of places, physical features, and objects
  • locate places within the local community, State, and nation; locate the Earth’s continents in relation to each other and to principal parallels and meridians (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • identify and compare the physical, human, and cultural characteristics of different regions and people (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • investigate how people depend on and modify the physical environment


  • map information about people, places, and environments
  • understand the characteristics, functions, and applications of maps, globes, aerial and other photographs, satellite-produced images, and models (Taken from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • investigate why people and places are located where they are located and what patterns can be perceived in these locations
  • describe the relationships between people and environments and the connections between people and places


  • understand how to develop and use maps and other graphic representations to display geographic issues, problems, and questions
  • describe the physical characteristics of the Earth’s surface and investigate the continual reshaping of the surface by physical processes and human activities
  • investigate the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on the Earth’s surface (Taken from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • understand the development and interactions of social/cultural, political, economic, and religious systems in different regions of the world
  • analyze how the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of the Earth’s surface (Taken from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • explain how technological change affects people, places, and regions
Last Updated: April 27, 2009