Curriculum and Instruction

Standard 3, Key Idea 2

Key Idea 2: Geography requires the development and application of the skills of asking and answering geographic questions; analyzing theories of geography; and acquiring, organizing, and analyzing geographic information. (Adapted from: The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life)

Performance Indicators--Students will:


  • ask geographic questions about where places are located; why they are located where they are; what is important about their locations; and how their locations are related to the location of other people and places (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • gather and organize geographic information from a variety of sources and display in a number of ways
  • analyze geographic information by making relationships, interpreting trends and relationships, and analyzing geographic data. (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)


  • formulate geographic questions and define geographic issues and problems
  • use a number of research skills (e.g., computer databases, periodicals, census reports, maps, standard reference works, interviews, surveys) to locate and gather geographical information about issues and problems (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • present geographic information in a variety of formats, including maps, tables, graphs, charts, diagrams, and computer-generated models
  • interpret geographic information by synthesizing data and developing conclusions and generalizations about geographic issues and problems


  • plan, organize, and present geographic research projects
  • locate and gather geographic information from a variety of primary and secondary sources (Taken from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • select and design maps, graphs, tables, charts, diagrams, and other graphic representations to present geographic information
  • analyze geographic information by developing and testing inferences and hypotheses, and formulating conclusions from maps, photographs, computer models, and other geographic representations (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994)
  • develop and test generalizations and conclusions and pose analytical questions based on the results of geographic inquiry
Last Updated: April 27, 2009