Curriculum and Instruction

Standard 5, Key Idea 3

Key Idea 3: Central to civics and citizenship is an understanding of the roles of the citizen within American constitutional democracy and the scope of a citizen’s rights and responsibilities.

Performance Indicators--Students will:


  • understand that citizenship includes an awareness of the holidays, celebrations, and symbols of our nation
  • examine what it means to be a good citizen in the classroom, school, home, and community
  • identify and describe the rules and responsibilities students have at home, in the classroom, and at school
  • examine the basic principles of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitutions of the United States and New York State
  • understand that effective, informed citizenship is a duty of each citizen, demonstrated by jury service, voting, and community service
  • identify basic rights that students have and those that they will acquire as they age


  • explain what citizenship means in a democratic society, how citizenship is defined in the Constitution and other laws of the land, and how the definition of citizenship has changed in the United States and New York State over time
  • understand that the American legal and political systems guarantee and protect the rights of citizens and assume that citizens will hold and exercise certain civic values and fulfill certain civic responsibilities
  • discuss the role of an informed citizen in today’s changing world
  • explain how Americans are citizens of their states and of the United States


  • understand how citizenship includes the exercise of certain personal responsibilities, including voting, considering the rights and interests of others, behaving in a civil manner, and accepting responsibility for the consequences of one’s actions (Adapted from The National Standards for Civics and Government, 1994)
  • analyze issues at the local, state, and national levels and prescribe responses that promote the public interest or general welfare, such as planning and carrying out a voter registration campaign
  • describe how citizenship is defined by the Constitution and important laws
  • explore how citizens influence public policy in a representative democracy
Last Updated: April 27, 2009