Pupil Transportation

Social Services Law - Article 6 - CHILDREN
Title 1 - CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN


§   390.   Child  day  care;  license  or  registration  required.  1.
  Definitions.  (a) (i) "Child day care" shall mean care for a child on  a
  regular  basis  provided  away  from the child's residence for less than
  twenty-four hours per day by someone other than the parent, step-parent,
  guardian, or relative within the third degree of  consanguinity  of  the
  parents or step-parents of such child.
    (ii) Child day care shall not refer to care provided in:
    (A) a day camp, as defined in the state sanitary code;
    (B)  an  after-school  program  operated  for the purpose of religious
  education, sports, or recreation;
    (C) a facility:
    (1) providing day services under an operating  certificate  issued  by
  the department;
    (2)  providing  day treatment under an operating certificate issued by
  the office  of  mental  health  or  office  of  mental  retardation  and
  developmental disabilities; or
    (D)  a  kindergarten, pre-kindergarten, or nursery school for children
  three years of age  or  older,  or  after-school  program  for  children
  operated  by  a public school district or by a private school or academy
  which is  providing  elementary  or  secondary  education  or  both,  in
  accordance  with  the compulsory education requirements of the education
  law, provided that the kindergarten, pre-kindergarten,  nursery  school,
  or  after  school program is located on the premises or campus where the
  elementary or secondary education is provided.
    (b) "Child day care provider" shall mean any individual,  association,
  corporation, partnership, institution or agency whose activities include
  providing child day care or operating a home or facility where child day
  care is provided.
    (c)  "Child day care center" shall mean any program or facility caring
  for children for more than three hours per day per child in which  child
  day  care is provided by a child day care provider except those programs
  operating as a group family day care home as such  term  is  defined  in
  paragraph  (d) of this subdivision, a family day care home, as such term
  is defined in paragraph (e) of this subdivision, and a school-age  child
  care  program,  as  such  term  is  defined  in  paragraph  (f)  of this
  subdivision.
    (d) "Group family day care home"  shall  mean  a  program  caring  for
  children  for more than three hours per day per child in which child day
  care is provided in a family home for seven to twelve  children  of  all
  ages,  except for those programs operating as a family day care home, as
  such term is defined in paragraph (e) of this  subdivision,  which  care
  for  seven  or  eight  children.  A  group  family day care provider may
  provide child day care services to  four  additional  children  if  such
  additional children are of school age and such children receive services
  only  before  or after the period such children are ordinarily in school
  or during school lunch periods, or  school  holidays,  or  during  those
  periods  of  the  year in which school is not in session. There shall be
  one caregiver for every two children under two years of age in the group
  family home. A group family  day  care  home  must  have  at  least  one
  assistant  to the operator present when child day care is being provided
  to seven or more children when none of the children are school  age,  or
  nine  or  more children when at least two of the children are school age
  and such children receive services only before or after the period  such
  children  are  ordinarily  in  school or during school lunch periods, or
  school holidays, or during those periods of the year in which school  is
  not in session. This assistant shall be selected by the group family day

care  operator  and  shall  meet the qualifications established for such
  position by the  regulations  of  the  office  of  children  and  family
  services.
    (e)  "Family  day  care home" shall mean a program caring for children
  for more than three hours per day per child in which child day  care  is
  provided  in a family home for three to six children. There shall be one
  caregiver for every two children under two years of age  in  the  family
  day  care  home. A family day care provider may, however, care for seven
  or eight children at any one time if no more than six  of  the  children
  are  less  than  school  age  and  the school-aged children receive care
  primarily before or after the period such  children  are  ordinarily  in
  school, during school lunch periods, on school holidays, or during those
  periods of the year in which school is not in session in accordance with
  the  regulations  of  the office of children and family services and the
  office inspects such home to determine whether  the  provider  can  care
  adequately for seven or eight children.
    (f)  "School age child care" shall mean a program caring for more than
  six school-aged children who are under thirteen years of age or who  are
  incapable  of caring for themselves. Such programs shall be in operation
  consistent with  the  local  school  calendar.  School  age  child  care
  programs shall offer care during the school year to an enrolled group of
  children  at  a  permanent  site  before  or  after  the period children
  enrolled in such program are ordinarily in school or during school lunch
  periods and may also provide such care  on  school  holidays  and  those
  periods of the year in which school is not in session.
    2.    (a) Child day care centers caring for seven or more children and
  group family day care programs, as defined in subdivision  one  of  this
  section,  shall  obtain a license from the office of children and family
  services and shall operate in accordance with the terms of such  license
  and  the regulations of such office. Initial licenses shall be valid for
  a period of up to two years; subsequent licenses shall be  valid  for  a
  period of up to four years so long as the provider remains substantially
  in compliance with applicable law and regulations during such period.
    (b)  Family day care homes, child day care centers caring for at least
  three but fewer than seven children, and school-age child care  programs
  shall  register with the department and shall operate in compliance with
  the regulations of the department.
    (c) Any child day care provider  not  required  to  obtain  a  license
  pursuant  to  paragraph  (a) of this subdivision or to register with the
  department pursuant to paragraph (b) of this  subdivision  may  register
  with the department.
    (d)  (i)  The  office of children and family services shall promulgate
  regulations for  licensure  and  for  registration  of  child  day  care
  pursuant  to  this  section.  Procedures  for  obtaining  a  license  or
  registration  or  renewing  a  license  shall  include  a   satisfactory
  inspection of the facility by the office of children and family services
  prior  to  issuance  of  the  license  or registration or renewal of the
  license.
    (ii) (A) Initial registrations shall be valid for a period  of  up  to
  two years, subsequent registrations shall be valid for a period of up to
  four  years  so long as the provider remains substantially in compliance
  with applicable law and regulations during such period.
    (B) After initial registration by the child  day  care  provider,  the
  office  of  children and family services shall not accept any subsequent
  registration by such provider, unless:
    (1) such provider has met  the  training  requirements  set  forth  in
  section three hundred ninety-a of this title;
    (2) such provider  has met the requirements of section three hundred
  ninety-b of this title relating to criminal history screening;
    (3) such provider has complied with the requirements of  section  four
  hundred twenty-four-a of this article; and
    (4)  the  office  of  children  and  family  services  has received no
  complaints about the home, center,  or  program  alleging  statutory  or
  regulatory  violations,  or, having received such complaints, the office
  of  children  and  family  services  has  determined,  after  inspection
  pursuant to paragraph (a) of subdivision three of this section, that the
  home,  center,  or  program  is  operated  in compliance with applicable
  statutory and regulatory requirements.
    (C) Where the office of children and family  services  has  determined
  that  a registration should not be continued because the requirements of
  clause (B) of this subparagraph have not been satisfied, the  office  of
  children  and  family  services  may  terminate the registration. If the
  office  of  children  and  family  services  does  not   terminate   the
  registration,  the  office of children and family services shall inspect
  the home or program before acknowledging  any  subsequent  registration.
  Where  the  home  or program has failed to meet the requirements of this
  section, the office of children  and  family  services  may  reject  any
  subsequent registration of a provider. Nothing herein shall prohibit the
  office  of  children  and family services from terminating or suspending
  registration pursuant to subdivision  ten  of  this  section  where  the
  office  of  children  and family services determines that termination or
  suspension is necessary.
    (iv) Child day care providers who have been  issued  a  license  shall
  openly  display  such  license  in  the  facility  or home for which the
  license is issued. Child day care providers who have registered with the
  department shall provide proof of registration upon request.
    (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, where a child
  is cared for by a parent, guardian or relative within the  third  degree
  of   consanguinity   of  the  parent  of  such  child  and  such  person
  simultaneously provides child day care  for  other  children,  only  the
  other  children  shall  be considered in determining whether such person
  must be registered or licensed, provided that such person is not caring,
  in total, for more than eight children.
    2-a. (a) The office of children and family services  shall  promulgate
  regulations  which  establish  minimum  quality program requirements for
  licensed and registered child day care homes, programs  and  facilities.
  Such  requirements  shall include but not be limited to (i) the need for
  age  appropriate  activities,  materials  and   equipment   to   promote
  cognitive,  educational, social, cultural, physical, emotional, language
  and recreational development of children in care in a safe, healthy  and
  caring  environment  (ii)  principles  of  childhood  development  (iii)
  appropriate staff/child ratios for family day care homes,  group  family
  day  care  homes,  school  age  day  care programs and day care centers,
  provided  however  that  such  staff/child  ratios  shall  not  be  less
  stringent  than  applicable staff/child ratios as set forth in part four
  hundred fourteen, four hundred sixteen, four hundred seventeen  or  four
  hundred  eighteen  of  title  eighteen of the New York code of rules and
  regulations as of January first, two thousand (iv) appropriate levels of
  supervision of children in care (v) minimum  standards  for  sanitation,
  health,  infection  control, nutrition, buildings and equipment, safety,
  security procedures, first aid, fire prevention, fire safety, evacuation
  plans and drills, prevention of  child  abuse  and  maltreatment,  staff
  qualifications   and   training,  record  keeping,  and  child  behavior
  management.
(b) The use of electronic monitors as a sole means of  supervision  of
  children  in  day  care  shall  be  prohibited,  except  that electronic
  monitors may be used in family day care homes and group family day  care
  homes as an indirect means of supervision where the parents of any child
  to  be  supervised have agreed in advance to the use of such monitors as
  an indirect means of  supervision  and  the  use  of  such  monitors  is
  restricted to situations where the children so supervised are sleeping.
    (c) No child less than six weeks of age may be cared for by a licensed
  or  registered  day  care  provider, except in extenuating circumstances
  where prior approval for care of such children has  been  given  by  the
  office  of  children  and family services. Extenuating circumstances for
  the purposes of this section shall include but not  be  limited  to  the
  medical or health needs of the parent or child, or the economic hardship
  of the parent.
    3.  (a)  The office of children and family services may make announced
  or unannounced inspections of the records and premises of any child  day
  care  provider,  whether  or not such provider has a license from, or is
  registered with, the office of children and family services. The  office
  of  children  and  family services shall make unannounced inspections of
  the records and premises of any child day care provider  within  fifteen
  days  after  the  office  of  children  and  family  services receives a
  complaint that, if true, would indicate such provider  does  not  comply
  with  the  regulations  of the office of children and family services or
  with statutory requirements. If the complaint indicates that  there  may
  be  imminent  danger  to the children, the office of children and family
  services shall investigate the complaint no later than the next  day  of
  operation  of  the  provider. The office of children and family services
  may provide for inspections through the purchase of services.
    (b) Where inspections have been  made  and  violations  of  applicable
  statutes  or  regulations  have  been  found, the office of children and
  family services shall within ten days advise the child day care provider
  in writing of the violations and require the provider  to  correct  such
  violations.  The  office  of  children  and family services may also act
  pursuant to subdivisions ten and eleven of this section.
    (c) (i) The office of children and family services shall  establish  a
  toll-free  statewide  telephone  number to receive inquiries about child
  day care homes, programs and facilities and complaints of violations  of
  the  requirements  of this section or regulations promulgated under this
  section. The office of children and  family  services  shall  develop  a
  system  for  investigation,  which  shall  include  inspection,  of such
  complaints. The office of children and family services may  provide  for
  such investigations through purchase of services. The office of children
  and  family  services  shall  develop  a  process  for  publicizing such
  toll-free telephone  number  to  the  public  for  making  inquiries  or
  complaints about child day care homes, programs or facilities.
    (ii)  Information to be maintained and available to the public through
  such toll-free telephone number shall include, but not be limited to:
    (A) current license and registration status of child day  care  homes,
  programs  and  facilities including whether a license or registration is
  in effect or has been revoked or suspended; and
    (B) child care  resource  and  referral  programs  providing  services
  pursuant  to  title  five-B of this article and other resources known to
  the office of children and family services which  relate  to  child  day
  care homes, programs and facilities in the state.
    (iii)  Upon  written  request  identifying a particular child day care
  home, program or facility, the office of children  and  family  services
  shall  provide   the  information set forth below.  The office of children
  and family services may charge reasonable fees for copies  of  documents
  provided,  consistent  with  the provisions of article six of the public
  officers law. The information available pursuant to  this  clause  shall
  be:
    (A)  the  results  of  the  most  recent  inspection  for licensure or
  registration and any subsequent inspections by the  office  of  children
  and family services;
    (B)  complaints  filed  against  child  day  care  homes,  programs or
  facilities which describes the nature of the complaint  and  states  how
  the  complaint  was  resolved,  including  the  status  of the office of
  children and family services investigation, the steps taken  to  rectify
  the complaint, and the penalty, if any, imposed; and
    (C)  child day care homes, programs or facilities which have requested
  or received a waiver from any applicable rule  or  regulation,  and  the
  regulatory requirement which was waived.
    (iv) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to require or permit
  the  disclosure  either  orally or in writing of any information that is
  confidential pursuant to law.
    (d) Where investigation or inspection reveals that a  child  day  care
  provider  which  must  be  licensed  or registered is not, the office of
  children and family services shall advise the child day care provider in
  writing  that  the  provider  is  in  violation  of  the  licensing   or
  registration  requirements  and  shall  take  such  further action as is
  necessary to cause the  provider  to  comply  with  the  law,  including
  directing  an unlicensed or unregistered provider to cease operation. In
  addition, the office of children and family services shall  require  the
  provider  to  notify the parents or guardians of children receiving care
  from the provider that the provider is in violation of the licensing  or
  registration  requirements  and shall require the provider to notify the
  office of children and family services that the provider  has  done  so.
  Any  provider  who  is  directed  to  cease  operations pursuant to this
  paragraph shall be entitled to a hearing before the office  of  children
  and  family  services. If the provider requests a hearing to contest the
  directive to  cease  operations,  such  hearing  must  be  scheduled  to
  commence  as  soon  as  possible  but in no event later than thirty days
  after the receipt of the request by the office of  children  and  family
  services. The provider may not operate the center, home or program after
  being  directed  to cease operations, regardless of whether a hearing is
  requested. If the provider does not  cease  operations,  the  office  of
  children  and  family  services  may  impose a civil penalty pursuant to
  subdivision eleven of this  section,  seek  an  injunction  pursuant  to
  section three hundred ninety-one of this title, or both.
    (e)  (i)  Where  an  authorized  agency  is subsidizing child day care
  pursuant to any provision of this chapter,  the  authorized  agency  may
  submit  to  the department justification for a need to impose additional
  requirements upon child  day  care  providers  and  a  plan  to  monitor
  compliance   with  such  additional  requirements.  No  such  additional
  requirements or monitoring may be imposed without the  written  approval
  of the department.
    (ii)  An  authorized  agency  may  refuse  to  allow  a child day care
  provider who is not in compliance  with  this  section  and  regulations
  issued   hereunder  or  any  approved  additional  requirements  of  the
  authorized agency to provide child day care to the child. In  accordance
  with  the  plan  approved  by the department, an authorized agency shall
  have the right to make  announced  or  unannounced  inspections  of  the
  records  and  premises  of  any  provider  who  provides  care  for such
  children, including the right to make inspections  prior  to  subsidized
  children  receiving  care  in  a  home  where  the inspection is for the
  purpose of determining  whether  the  child  day  care  provider  is  in
  compliance  with  applicable  law  and  regulations  and  any additional
  requirements imposed upon such provider by the authorized agency.  Where
  an authorized agency makes such inspections, the authorized agency shall
  notify  the  department immediately of any violations of this section or
  regulations promulgated hereunder, and shall provide the department with
  an inspection report whether or not violations were  found,  documenting
  the results of such inspection.
    (iii) Nothing contained in this paragraph shall diminish the authority
  of  the  department  to  conduct  inspections or provide for inspections
  through purchase of services as otherwise provided for in this  section.
  Nothing  contained  in  this  paragraph shall obligate the department to
  take any action to enforce any additional requirements imposed on  child
  day care providers by an authorized agency.
    (f)  Individual  local  social  services  districts  may  alter  their
  participation in  activities  related  to  arranging  for,  subsidizing,
  delivering  and  monitoring  the  provision of subsidized child day care
  provided,  however,  that  the  total  participation  of  an  individual
  district  in all activities related to the provision of subsidized child
  day care shall be no less than the participation  level  engaged  in  by
  such individual district on the effective date of this section.
    4.  (a)  The office of children and family services on an annual basis
  shall inspect at least twenty percent of all registered family day  care
  homes, registered child day care centers and registered school age child
  care  programs to determine whether such homes, centers and programs are
  operating in compliance with applicable statutes  and  regulations.  The
  office  of children and family services shall increase the percentage of
  family day care homes, child day care centers and school age child  care
  programs which are inspected pursuant to this subdivision as follows: to
  at  least  thirty  percent by the thirty-first of December two thousand;
  and to at least fifty  percent  by  the  thirty-first  of  December  two
  thousand one. The office of children and family services may provide for
  such  inspections  through purchase of services. Priority shall be given
  to family day care homes which have never  been  licensed  or  certified
  prior to initial registration.
    (b)  Any  family  day  care  home  or  school-age  child  care program
  licensed,  registered,  or  certified  by  the  department  or  by   any
  authorized  agency on the effective date of this section shall be deemed
  registered  until  the  expiration  of  its  then-current   license   or
  certificate  unless  such license or certificate is suspended or revoked
  pursuant to subdivision ten of this section. Family day care  homes  and
  school-age child care programs not licensed, registered, or certified on
  the   effective   date  of  this  section  shall  register  pursuant  to
  subdivision two of this section.
    5. Child day care providers  required  to  have  a  license  from  the
  department  or  to  be  registered  with the department pursuant to this
  section shall not be exempt from such requirement  through  registration
  with  another state agency, or certification, registration, or licensure
  by any local governmental agency or any authorized agency.
    6. Unless otherwise limited by law, a parent with legal custody  or  a
  legal  guardian  of  any  child  in  a child day care program shall have
  unlimited and on demand access to such child or  ward.  Such  parent  or
  guardian  unless  otherwise limited by law, also shall have the right to
  inspect on demand during its hours of operation any area of a child  day
  care  center, group family day care home, school-age child care program,
  or family day care home to which the child or ward  of  such  parent  or
  guardian  has  access  or which could present a hazard to the health and
  safety of the child or ward.
    7. (a) The department shall implement on a statewide basis programs to
  educate parents and other potential consumers of child day care programs
  about their selection and use.  The  department  may  provide  for  such
  implementation  through  the  purchase of services. Such education shall
  include, but not be limited to, the following topics:
    (i) types of child day care programs;
    (ii)  factors  to  be considered in selecting and evaluating child day
  care programs;
    (iii)  regulations  of  the  department  governing  the  operation  of
  different types of programs;
    (iv)  rights of parents or guardians in relation to access to children
  and inspection of child day care programs;
    (v)  information  concerning  the  availability  of  child  day   care
  subsidies;
    (vi) information about licensing and registration requirements;
    (vii)  prevention  of  child  abuse and maltreatment in child day care
  programs, including screening of child day care providers and employees;
    (viii) tax information; and
    (ix) factors to be considered in selecting and  evaluating  child  day
  care  programs  when  a child needs administration of medications during
  the time enrolled.
    (b) The department shall implement a statewide campaign to educate the
  public as to the legal requirements for registration of family day  care
  and  school-age  child  care, and the benefits of such registration. The
  department may provide for such implementation through the  purchase  of
  services. The campaign shall:
    (i) use various types of media;
    (ii)  include  the  development  of  public  educational materials for
  families, family day care providers, employers and community agencies;
    (iii) explain the role  and  functions  of  child  care  resource  and
  referral programs, as such term is used in title five-B of this article;
    (iv)  explain  the  role  and functions of the department in regard to
  registered programs; and
    (v) publicize the department's toll-free telephone number  for  making
  complaints  of  violations  of  child  day  care requirements related to
  programs which are required to be licensed or registered.
    8. The department shall establish and maintain a list of  all  current
  registered  and  licensed  child  day  care  programs  and a list of all
  programs whose license  or  registration  has  been  revoked,  rejected,
  terminated,  or  suspended.  Such  information shall be available to the
  public, pursuant to procedures developed by the department.
    8-a. The office  of  children  and  family  services  shall  not  make
  available to the public online any group family day care home provider's
  or  family  day  care  provider's home street address or map showing the
  location of such provider's home where such provider  has  requested  to
  opt out of the online availability of this information. The office shall
  provide a written form informing a provider of their right to opt out of
  providing  information  online,  and  shall  also  permit  a provider to
  request to opt out through the office's website.
    9. The department shall make available, directly or  through  purchase
  of   services,  to  registered  child  day  care  providers  information
  concerning:
    (a) liability insurance;
    (b) start-up grants;
    (c) United States department of agriculture food programs;
    (d) subsidies available for child day care;
    (e) tax information; and
    (f) support services required to be provided by  child  care  resource
  and  referral programs as set forth in subdivision three of section four
  hundred ten-r of this article.
    10. Any home or facility providing child day care shall be operated in
  accordance with applicable statutes and regulations.  Any  violation  of
  applicable  statutes  or  regulations  shall  be a basis to deny, limit,
  suspend, revoke, or terminate a license or registration. Consistent with
  articles  twenty-three  and  twenty-three-A  of  the correction law, and
  guidelines  referenced  in  subdivision  two  of  section  four  hundred
  twenty-five  of  this  article,  if  the  office  of children and family
  services is made aware of the existence  of  a  criminal  conviction  or
  pending  criminal  charge  concerning  an  operator of a family day care
  home, group family day care home,  school-age  child  care  program,  or
  child day care center or concerning any assistant, employee or volunteer
  in  such homes, programs or centers, or any persons age eighteen or over
  who reside in such homes, such conviction or charge may be  a  basis  to
  deny,  limit,  suspend,  revoke,  reject,  or  terminate  a  license  or
  registration. Before any license issued pursuant to  the  provisions  of
  this  section  is  suspended or revoked, before registration pursuant to
  this section is suspended or terminated, or when an application for such
  license is denied or registration rejected, the applicant for or  holder
  of  such  registration  or  license  is  entitled,  pursuant  to section
  twenty-two of this chapter and the regulations of the office of children
  and family services, to a hearing before  the  office  of  children  and
  family services. However, a license or registration shall be temporarily
  suspended  or  limited  without  a  hearing  upon  written notice to the
  operator of the facility following a finding that the public health,  or
  an individual's safety or welfare, are in imminent danger. The holder of
  a  license  or  registrant is entitled to a hearing before the office of
  children and family services to  contest  the  temporary  suspension  or
  limitation.  If the holder of a license or registrant requests a hearing
  to contest the temporary suspension or limitation, such hearing must  be
  scheduled  to  commence  as  soon as possible but in no event later than
  thirty days after the receipt of the request by the office  of  children
  and  family  services.  Suspension  shall  continue  until the condition
  requiring suspension or limitation  is  corrected  or  until  a  hearing
  decision  has been issued. If the office of children and family services
  determines after a hearing that the temporary suspension  or  limitation
  was  proper,  such  suspension or limitation shall be extended until the
  condition requiring suspension or limitation has been corrected or until
  the license or registration has been revoked.
    11. (a) (i) The office of children and  family  services  shall  adopt
  regulations  establishing  civil  penalties of no more than five hundred
  dollars per day to be assessed against child day  care  centers,  school
  age  child care programs, group family day care homes or family day care
  homes for violations of this section, sections  three  hundred  ninety-a
  and three hundred ninety-b of this title and any regulations promulgated
  thereunder.  The  regulations establishing civil penalties shall specify
  the violations subject to penalty.
    (ii)  The  office  of  children  and  family  services   shall   adopt
  regulations  establishing  civil  penalties of no more than five hundred
  dollars per day to be assessed against  child  day  care  providers  who
  operate  child day care centers or group family day care homes without a
  license or who operate family day  care  homes,  school-age  child  care
  programs,  or  child  day care centers required to be registered without
  obtaining such registration.
    (iii) In addition to any other civil or criminal penalty  provided  by
  law,  the office of children and family services shall have the power to
  assess civil  penalties  in  accordance  with  its  regulations  adopted
  pursuant  to  this  subdivision  after a hearing conducted in accordance
  with procedures established by regulations of the office of children and
  family services. Such procedures shall require that notice of  the  time
  and  place  of  the  hearing,  together  with  a statement of charges of
  violations, shall be served in person or by certified mail addressed  to
  the  school  age  child care program, group family day care home, family
  day care home, or child day care center at least thirty  days  prior  to
  the  date  of  the hearing. The statement of charges shall set forth the
  existence of the violation or violations,  the  amount  of  penalty  for
  which  the  program  may become liable, the steps which must be taken to
  rectify the violation, and where applicable, a statement that a  penalty
  may  be  imposed  regardless  of  rectification. A written answer to the
  charges of violations shall be filed with the  office  of  children  and
  family services not less than ten days prior to the date of hearing with
  respect  to  each  of  the  charges  and  shall include all material and
  relevant matters which, if not disclosed in the answer, would not likely
  be known to the office of children and family services.
    (iv) The hearing shall be held by the commissioner of  the  office  of
  children  and family services or the commissioner's designee. The burden
  of proof at such hearing shall be on the office of children  and  family
  services  to  show  that the charges are supported by a preponderance of
  the evidence. The commissioner of the  office  of  children  and  family
  services  or  the commissioner's designee, in his or her discretion, may
  allow the child day care center operator or provider to attempt to prove
  by a preponderance of the  evidence  any  matter  not  included  in  the
  answer.  Where  the  child day care provider satisfactorily demonstrates
  that it has rectified the violations in accordance with the requirements
  of paragraph (c) of this subdivision, no penalty shall be imposed except
  as provided in paragraph (c) of this subdivision.
    (b)(i) In assessing penalties pursuant to this subdivision, the office
  of children and family services may consider  the  completeness  of  any
  rectification  made and the specific circumstances of such violations as
  mitigating factors.
    (ii) Upon the request of the office of children and  family  services,
  the  attorney general shall commence an action in any court of competent
  jurisdiction  against  any  child  day  care  program  subject  to   the
  provisions  of  this  subdivision  and  against  any  person,  entity or
  corporation operating such center or  school  age  child  care  program,
  group  family  day care home or family day care home for the recovery of
  any penalty assessed by the office of children and  family  services  in
  accordance with the provisions of this subdivision.
    (iii)  Any  such penalty assessed by the office of children and family
  services may be released or compromised by the office  of  children  and
  family  services  before  the  matter  has been referred to the attorney
  general; when such matter has been referred  to  the  attorney  general,
  such  penalty may be released or compromised and any action commenced to
  recover the same may be settled and discontinued by the attorney general
  with the consent of the office of children and family services.
    (c)(i) Except as provided for in this  paragraph,  a  child  day  care
  provider  shall  avoid  payment  of  a  penalty imposed pursuant to this
  subdivision  where  the  provider  has  rectified  the  condition  which
  resulted  in  the  imposition  of  the  penalty  within  thirty  days of
  notification of the existence of the violation of statute or regulation.
(ii) Clause (i) of this paragraph notwithstanding, rectification shall
  not preclude the imposition of a penalty pursuant  to  this  subdivision
  where:
    (A)  the  child day care provider has operated a child day care center
  or group family day care home without a license, has refused to  seek  a
  license  for the operation of such a center or home, or has continued to
  operate such a center or home after denial  of  a  license  application,
  revocation of an existing license or suspension of an existing license;
    (B)  the  child day care provider has operated a family day care home,
  school-age child care program or child day care center  required  to  be
  registered  without  being  registered, has refused to seek registration
  for the operation of such home, program or center or  has  continued  to
  operate  such  a  home, program or center after denial of a registration
  application, revocation of an existing registration or suspension of  an
  existing registration;
    (C)  there  has  been a total or substantial failure of the facility's
  fire detection or prevention systems or emergency evacuation procedures;
    (D) the child day care provider or an assistant, employee or volunteer
  has failed to provide adequate and competent supervision;
    (E) the child day care provider or an assistant, employee or volunteer
  has failed to provide adequate sanitation;
    (F) the child day care provider or an assistant,  employee,  volunteer
  or,  for  a family day care home or group family day care home, a member
  of the provider's household, has injured a child in  care,  unreasonably
  failed  to  obtain  medical attention for a child in care requiring such
  attention, used corporal punishment against a child in care or abused or
  maltreated a child in care;
    (G) the child day care provider has violated  the  same  statutory  or
  regulatory standard more than once within a six month period;
    (H) the child day care provider or an assistant, employee or volunteer
  has  failed  to  make  a report of suspected child abuse or maltreatment
  when required to do so pursuant to section four hundred thirteen of this
  article; or
    (I) the child day care provider or an assistant, employee or volunteer
  has submitted to the office of children and  family  services  a  forged
  document as defined in section 170.00 of the penal law.
    (d)  Any  civil  penalty received by the office of children and family
  services pursuant to this subdivision shall be deposited to  the  credit
  of  the "quality child care and protection fund" established pursuant to
  section ninety-seven-www of the state finance law.
    (e)(i) The office of children and family services  shall  deny  a  new
  application  for  licensure  or registration made by a day care provider
  whose license or registration was previously revoked or terminated based
  on a violation of statute or regulation for a period of two  years  from
  the   date  that  the  revocation  or  termination  of  the  license  or
  registration became finally effective, unless such office determines, in
  its discretion, that approval of the application will  not  in  any  way
  jeopardize  the  health,  safety  or  welfare of children in the center,
  program or home. For the purposes of this paragraph, the date  that  the
  revocation   or  termination  became  finally  effective  shall  be,  as
  applicable:
    (A) the date that the revocation or termination became effective based
  on the notice of revocation or termination;
    (B) the date that  the  hearing  decision  was  issued  upholding  the
  revocation or termination;
    (C)  the  date  of  issuance  of  a  final  court  order affirming the
  revocation or termination or affirming a hearing  decision  that  upheld
  the revocation or termination; or
    (D)  another  date  mutually agreed upon by the office of children and
  family services and the provider.
    (ii)(A) Such office shall deny a  new  application  for  licensure  or
  registration  made  by  a day care provider who is enjoined or otherwise
  prohibited by a court order from operation of a day care  center,  group
  family  day  care  home,  family  day care home or school-age child care
  program without a license or registration for a period of two years from
  the date of the court order unless the court order specifically  enjoins
  the provider from providing day care for a period longer than two years,
  in  which  case  the  office  shall deny any new application made by the
  provider while the provider is so enjoined.
    (B) Such  office  shall  deny  a  new  application  for  licensure  or
  registration  made by a day care provider who is assessed a second civil
  penalty by such office for having operated  a  day  care  center,  group
  family  day  care  home,  family  day care home or school-age child care
  program without a license or registration for a period of two years from
  the date of the second fine. For the purposes  of  this  paragraph,  the
  date of the second fine shall be either the date upon which the day care
  provider  signs  a  stipulation  agreement to pay the second fine or the
  date upon which a hearing decision is issued affirming the determination
  of such office to impose the second fine, as applicable.
    (iii) A day care provider who surrenders  the  provider's  license  or
  registration  while  such  office  is  engaged  in  enforcement  seeking
  suspension, revocation or termination  of  such  provider's  license  or
  registration pursuant to the regulations of such office, shall be deemed
  to  have  had  their  license  or registration revoked or terminated and
  shall be subject to the prohibitions against licensing  or  registration
  pursuant to subparagraph (i) of this paragraph for a period of two years
  from the date of surrender of the license or registration.
    12.   (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as may be
  required as a condition of  licensure  or  registration  by  regulations
  promulgated pursuant to this section, no village, town (outside the area
  of  any  incorporated  village), city or county shall adopt or enact any
  law, ordinance, rule  or  regulation  which  would  impose,  mandate  or
  otherwise  enforce  standards  for  sanitation,  health,  fire safety or
  building construction on a  one  or  two  family  dwelling  or  multiple
  dwelling  used  to provide group family day care or family day care than
  would be applicable were  such  child  day  care  not  provided  on  the
  premises.  No  village,  town  (outside  the  area  of  any incorporated
  village), city or county shall prohibit or restrict use of a one or  two
  family  dwelling,  or  multiple  dwelling for family or group family day
  care where a license or registration for such use  has  been  issued  in
  accordance  with regulations issued pursuant to this section. Nothing in
  this  paragraph  shall  preclude  local  authorities  with   enforcement
  jurisdiction  of  the  applicable  sanitation,  health,  fire  safety or
  building construction code from making appropriate inspections to assure
  compliance with such standards.
    (b) Notwithstanding any  other  provision  of  law,  but  pursuant  to
  section  five  hundred  eighty-one-b  of  the  real property tax law, no
  assessing unit, as defined in subdivision one of section one hundred two
  of the real property tax law, in the assessment  of  the  value  of  any
  parcel used for residential purposes and registered as a family day care
  home pursuant to this section, shall consider the use or registration of
  such parcel as a family day care home.
    13.  Notwithstanding  any other provision of law, this section, except
  for paragraph (a-1) of subdivision two-a  of  this  section,  shall  not
  apply to child day care centers in the city of New York.
Last Updated: April 26, 2012