Special Education

NYS School for the Blind, bobcat logo and photo montage of student at the school
Lots of Links

(Updated January 2008) -- external link Links below are external Disclaimer of Endorsement

NOTE: The following websites contain useful information related to the services, needs, and issues of concern to people with visual impairments.

Topics from A to Z:
Numbers A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


19 Ways to Step Back:
3vi web site and CD-ROM for sighted peers: http://www.3vi.com.au


AAEE (American Association for Employment in Education - teacher vacancies)
Abacus: All you need to know
     A history of the abacus
     A lesson on using the abacus
     Information on the abacus from the Texas School for the Blind (TSBVI)
     TSBVI's abacus packet
     Build a Lego® abacus
Abilitations,Inc.(adaptive equipment for recreation, therapy & movement)
ABILITY CULTURE: Culture, Arts and Entertainment for People with Disabilities
Ability Hub
     Database of Assistive Technology
     Search by product type
     Blind and Low Vision Products
Ablenet, Inc.
About Blindness
ABTIM (See also VideoTIM)
Academic Success in Learning: for Math phobics and LD
Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation and Education Professionals
Accelerated Reader
Access 20/20 Braille, Large Print, Audio and Disk Access Services

Access Adobe Files:
     Access Adobe
      Access Adobe Online Tools
Access Art
Access Board Accessibility Guidelines and Standards
Access Center
Accessmart e-mail list: Buy, sell or trade items among BVI folks. 
To join, send blank message to: accessmart-subscribe@googlegroups.com
Access Technologists Higher Education Network (ATHEN)
Access Technology Institute
Access U.S.A. Alternate Media Access Service (including signage)
Access World subscription information
Accessibility Guidelines from World Wide Web Consortium
Accessibility in Higher Education or Professional Licensing
Accessibility Products: Including ice grip for cane
Accessibility Resources Online
Accessible and Useable PDF Documents:
     Techniques for Document Authors, by Karen McCall karlen.communications@primus.ca
      CG daisy talking book products
Accessible Books and E-Text:
     See/Hear Newsletter: Summer 02 Audible books
     Accessible book collection
     Accessible book publishing (ReadText, Scan N Talk, BookCrafter)
     Cast accessible textbooks
      The Online Books Page at the University of Pennsylvania
Accessible Design for the Blind : Accessible Pedestrian Signals, Detectable Warnings/Truncated Domes
Accessible by Design Web Access Site
Accessible Dictionaries Online:
     Reference Dictionary
     Word Web
      Reference Desk
     Talking Dictionary
      Download talking dictionary Version 7.0.1
Accessible CD ROM and other learning media
Accessible Cell Phones for the Blind, Deaf, Hard of Hearing, Physically Disabled and Elderly
Accessible Classroom Project: Making the Grade
Accessible Games Book:
     Author's site
     To Purchase from Allheart
Accessible GPS Overview and Compariso
Accessible Graphing Calculator:
     The Calculator
      Audio graphing calculator from ViewPlus
     Large Display Scientific Calculator
Accessible Magazines:
     National Library Servies Online Magazines
     Colorado Talking Book LibraryAccessible Media Producers Database
Accessible PDF - Creating Accessible and Useable PDF Documents: Techniques for Document Authors, ISBN 0-9738246-1-1 by Karen McCall, M.Ed. karlen.communications@primus.ca
Acccessible PDF - makes the reading of PDF documents easier for users of screen readers and screen magnifiers)
Accessible Pedestrian Signals
Accessible Textbooks:
     Accessible Textbook and Media Production
     Electronic Textbooks Accessible Web Tools
Accommodations for College Students with Disabilities
Accommodations in Statewide Tests for Students with Visual Impairments
Accredited College and University Professional Preparation Programs:
     Collaborative Professional Preparation
Ace Centre
ACT Exams
ADA Compliant Signs (see also Braille Signage)
ADA for College Students
ADA Homepage, Department of Justice
ADA Requirements for Truncated Domes (Detectable Warnings on Wheelchair Ramps)
Adapted Graphics Listserv
Adapted and Assistive Technology
Adaptive Physical Education
Adaptive Technologies for Learning and Work Environments
Adaptive Technology Consulting (ATC)
Adaptive Technology Product Fact Sheets
Adaptive Technology Resource Center:
     Home Page
     Electronic Libraries
     Technical Glossary
     Advocacy Consortium for College Students with Disabilities
AER Books and Resources
AFB Textbooks and Instructional Materials Solutions Forum:
Agencies for Blind and Visually Impaired People
A Guide to Making Documents Accessible to People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired AIRCVH(Association of Instructional Resource Centers for Visually Handicapped) Directory
     Tips for Teachers
     Strategies for Teaching
Alliance for Technology Access
Alternate Assessment for Students with Severe Disabilities (NYS)
Alternative Format Guidance Memo
American Academy of Ophthalmology
American Academy of Optometry
American Council of the Blind:
     The Braille Forum
     Affiliated Organizations
     Job Bank
     Legislation Resolutions
     Accessible Documents Guidelines 
American Foundation for the Blind Careers and Technology Information Bank
American Printing House for the Blind, Inc
Any Browser Campaign for Accessible Web Design
Approved Sites by Bobby/CAST
A-Prompt: Web Accessibility Demo for Web Authors
The Arc of the United States
Artic Technologies: Accessibility appliances for the blind and visually impaired
New York State Education Department Student Assessment
Assistive Technology from TSBVI
Assistive Technology from EVAS
Assistive Technology Funding and Transfer
Atlas Talking Maps and the Global Positioning System (GPS)
Australian Statewide Vision Resource Center
Automotive Safety Issues for Persons with Disabilities
ASA/Noise Ultrasonic Eyeglasses for the Blind (Leslie Kay)
Assessment Compendium: Instruments for Assessing the Skills and Interests of Individuals with Visual Impairments
Assist with Windows: Tutorials and keyboard guides to help people who are blind use popular Windows programs
Assistive Technology: Sonar Vision glasses for the blind
Assistive Technology Training Online (ATTO):
     Product Database
AssistiveTech.net: Online Resource for Assistive Technology

[Return to Top]


Bat Cane from Sound Alert
Behavior Advisor
Bell Labs Text-to-Speech: Speech synthesizer
Benetech: Technology to benefit people with disabilities (see also Bookshare.org):
Bibliomania: E-text books and reference
Bioptic: Driving aid for people with conditions that reduce resolution or visual acuity
Blind Babies Foundation
Blind Children's Fund
Blind Initiative Guidelines from the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE)
Blind Online News Service International
Blind Student’s Literacy Rights and Education Act
Blindness-Related Emailing List (BLIST) – A most comprehensive listing
Blindness Resource Center at NY Institute for Special Education includes the following links:
     Eye Conditions
     Resource Sites on blindness
     Transcription services
Blind Readers Page
Blindskills, Inc.
BlindSoftware.com (downloadable)
Books/Reading Emailing Listserv for Blind and Visually Impaired Readers
Bookshare.org: Digital Books Without Borders (see also Benetech):
Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
Braille Book files to download from TSBVI
Braille Development Section of the National Library Service (NLS), Certification as a Braille Transcriber of Proofreader
Braille Institute of America
Braille Instruction Resources
Braille Is Beautiful
Braille Jewelry
Braille Music Fonts
BrailleNote notetaker from Pulse Data International
Braille Notetaker Repair
Braille Novel-T’s
Braille on the IEP: IDEA (PL 105-17) Regulations
Braille.org International Braille Research Center:
     Facts about Braille
     Electronic Braille Book Library
     Braille Code and Instruction Resources
Braille Printers from Enabling Technologies
Braille Proofreader's Font for Sighted Persons
Braille Reading Learning Standards 
Braille Research Center
Braille Review
Braille Revival League and web sites on braille
Braille Signs:
     ASI Sign Systems
     SETON: Identification and Identity Experts
     Entrada Braille: Signs for elevators
     Media Incorporated: Makers of Braille signs
Braille Star from HumanWare
Braille through Remote Learning (BRL)
Braille Transcribers' listserv: BrailleTranscribers@egroups.com
Braille Transcribing (Liz Gray)
Braille Transcription Resource List from National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
Braille translation service: ghbraille
Braille Translation Software
Braillewriters throughout History at APH Callahan Museum

[Return to Top]


Camera Obscura Blindness Related Resources:
     A comprehensive list of resources
     Read 'em and Speak: A comprehensive listing of resources for e-text and other accessible reading materials
Camp Winnekeag
Cane and Mobility Resources
CareerZone Transition Planning Site
Carroll Center for the Blind
Chapter 377 of the Laws of 2001
Chocolate Brailled Greeting Bars
Classic Reader Electronic Text Source
Classroom Strategies for Regular Educators who have students with visual impairments
Closing the Gap technology resources
Cole Eye Institute at the Cleveland Clinic
Computers to Help People:  includes the following links:
     Braille Music Transcription
     Braille and E-text Math
     Tactile Graphs and Maps
     Technical Braille Center

Core Curriculum for Blind and Visually Impaired Students (National Agenda):
Council for Exceptional Children (CEC):
     Main Page
     Special Education Discussion Forums
     Special Education Career Connections
     Online Assessment Course
     Life Centered Career Education Training
     Division on Visual Impairments
CrissCross Technologies: Training for Users of Talking Computers
Cursors: Large cursors for the visually impaired
     Rabe's Big-Cursors
     Comet Cursor (free)

[Return to Top]


DAAS Vision Simulators
Daisy Consortium for Digital Talking Books
DB-LINK: National Information Clearinghouse for Children who are Deaf-Blind
Deafblindness and Sign Language:
Sign Language Course
Learning American Sign Language
American Sign Language Sites
ICEVI: International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment Descriptive Video Service (WGBH)
Detectable Warnings
Different Just Like Me
Digital-Audio Electronic Textbooks from RFB&D
Dog Guides
DO-IT Program (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking and Technology) - People with disabilities successfully pursuing academics and careers
Dolphin Computer Access for people who are visually impaired
Dotless Braille
Dots Plus Tactile Fonts
Duxbury Systems Braille Translation Software
Dynavox Page Exchange

[Return to Top]


Early Intervention Training Center for Infants and Toddlers with Visual Impairments
E-Access Bulletin
Education Grants and Contracts
Educator's Guide to Evaluating the Use of Technology in Schools and Classrooms
Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC)
Educational Toys from VTech Kids
Electronic Classroom
Electronic Text Initiatives at NYU
Electronic Travel Aids (Tom Brennan’s site)
E-medicine World Medical Library
Enabling Devices Toys for Special Children (Switch-Activated, etc.)
Encyclopedia online
English Braille American Edition 1994
Enhanced Vision Systems (Jordy, Flipper, etc.)
En-Vision America Assistive Technology (Talking Prescriptions, etc.)
Equal Access to Software and Information ( EASI)
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
eSight Careers Network: Resources for people who are visually impaired
EVAS Assistive Technology
Expanded Core Curriculum of the National Agenda
Exploring College Planning Resources
Exceptional Teaching Aids, Inc.
Eye Anatomy Tutorial at Cole Eye Institute
Eye Resources on the Internet
Eye Sight The Eyesite: Ocular/medical information
Eye Test Software – Vision Rx

[Return to Top]


Family Friendly Fun and Special Needs Resources
FCC Video Description Regulations
Five Minute Introduction to Braille
For Our Children’s Unique Sight (FOCUS) on Optic Nerve Hypoplasia (O.N.H.) and Septo-Optic Dysplasia, (S.O.D.):
Clickinks.com - fonts for disablities: Braille and Sign Language
Fred’s Head Database
Freedom Scientific Blind/Low Vision Group (see also Scientific Notebook):
     Main Page

[Return to Top]


Games accessible to people who are blind:
     Accessible Games
     ESP Softworks
     GMA Games
     Jim Kitchen
     K Chess Elite
     PCS Games
     United States Braille Chess Association (USBCA)
     Z Form Games
ghbraille (Braille translation service)
Global Positioning System for the Blind
GlowDog: Reflective clothing for people and pets
Graphical Calculus Course For Blind Students
Growing Strong Guide to Blindness and Visual Impairment-Related Information and Resources (Sarah Jane Blake’s Web site)
Guide Dog Schools (various sites): 
     Canine Companions for Independence
     Guide Dog Schools
     Dog Guide Schools
Guide Horse Foundation:
     Main Page
     The story about the first guide horse user
Guidelines for Providing State Assessments in Alternate Formats For Students with Visual Impairments
Guide to Toys for Children who are Blind or Visually Impaired
GW Micro / Synapse Adaptive Technology:
     Main Page
     Product Menu (Synapse Adaptive Technology)

[Return to Top]


Hadley School for the Blind:
     Main Page
     Braille and Communication Courses
     Parent and Family Courses
Hands And Eyes Newsletter: Art and Learning Activities for Visually Impaired Students and Their Friends
Handicapped Individuals and the Law
HEATH: National Clearinghouse on Postsecondary Education for Individuals with Disabilities
Hotbraille: Free Braille Translation Service
How is College Different from High School? (Transition tips from Southern Methodist University)
HumanWare: Assistive technology for people with visual and learning difficulties

[Return to Top]


IBOT:Stair-climbing power wheelchair from Dynopower
I Can See Books E-Text Transcription Service Index:
     E-Text production services
IDEA news online information about the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Index Braille Embossers and WinBraille Braille editor
Information Technology Degree Programs
Information Technology Technical Assistance and Training Center (ITTAC):
     Main Page
     Free web accessibility course
Innoventions, Inc. – Source of Magnicam CCTV
Institute for Families of Blind Children
Instructional Materials Accessibility Act (IMAA): Section-by-Section Analysis
Instructor's Manual for the New Programmed Instruction in Braille
IntelliTools, IntelliKeys, IntelliTalk, etc.
International Braille Research Center
International Council for Disability Resources on the Internet
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
International Council on English Braille (ICEB):
     Main Page
     Tactile Graphics Project
Internet Anagram Server Wordsmith

[Return to Top]


Job Exchange (SpEdEx)
Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness Online

[Return to Top]


Laboratory Task Accommodations for Students with Visual Impairments
Lernout & Hauspie (Dragon, Naturally Speaking)
Library Extranet
Lighthouse International:
     Main Page
     Eye Conditions
Lilli Nielsen’s Active Learning Approach and "Little Room" products:
     Main Page
     Lilliput North America
Literacy Section of Reading Online
Literature of the Fantastic: Public Domain Literature for e-text
Liz Grey’s Links to Braille Information
Louis Braille's Vision
Low Vision Enhancement System (LVES)
Low Vision Gateway

[Return to Top]


Macromedia Accessibility Resource Center:
     Accessibility and Flash Player
     Flash Player Accessibility
Mathematics Accessible to Visually Impaired Students (MAVIS)
Math and Number Systems:
     Introduction to Number Systems
     Nemeth Braille Code for Mathematics
Michigan Severity Rating Scale
Money Skills Instruction
Moon Braille
Mountbatten Brailler
Multiple Disabilities Survey Results (APH)

[Return to Top]


National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind
National and New York State Learning Standards (NY Institute for Special Education):
     Resources Regarding Students Who are Blind or Visually Impaired
National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
National Association of Blind Students (NABS), NFB
National Braille Association
National Braille Press Catalogue of Publications
National Braille Factory
National Center for Accessible Media
National Eye Institute Information on Eye Conditions:
     Free Publications (also available in Spanish)
National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research
National Library Service for the Blind (NLS):
     Main Page
     Certification as a Braille Transcriber of Proof Reader
National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH)
National Sports Center for the Disabled
National Touch Reading Day
Naturally Speaking Unofficial Information Pages
Navigator Internet Guide for Students, Parents and Teachers
Nemeth Code for Braille Mathematics
Neurological Eye Simulator
New Vision Store: Products for people with visual impairment
New York Institute for Special Education
NYS Part 200 Regulations
New York State Resource Center for Visually Impaired
New York State School for the Blind
New York State Standards and Resource Guides
NYS Transition Student and Family Resources
No Child Left Behind Act
NoIR Medical Technologies
NorthStar Audio Books

[Return to Top]


Occupational Outlook Handbook
Office of Teaching (and Certification) Homepage
Olympus Digital Voice Recorder
ONCE: The Spanish National Organization of the Blind
Optek Systems Access Technology for people with visual impairments
Opus Technologies: Braille Music fonts
ORCLISH (Ohio Resource Center for Low Incidence and Severely Handicapped):
     Visual Impairment Resources
     Ohio’s Braille Law and related resources
Orientation and Mobility Severity Rating Scale

[Return to Top]


PAM-AID (Personal Adaptive Mobility Aid for the Frail Visually Impaired):
     Main Page
     PAM-AID Project
Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educational Rights (PACER)
Parenting Special Needs:
     In the Spotlight
     Parents' Guide to the Development of Preschool Children with Disabilities
Parent Network Center of Western New York
Parent's Guide to College
Parents of Blind and Visually Impaired Children
Parrot Voice Mate Voice Recognition Digital Organizer
PaTTAN Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network Resources for students with sensory impairments
PC Talking Typing Tutor for Windows
PE Central (Adaptive Education)
Perkins School for the Blind
Personnel Preparation
Poe, Edgar Allan E-text
Polka-dots page on keyboard that work for 6-key braille entry
Professional Development and Inclusive Education
Project Gutenberg Public Domain Electronic Text Resources
Project PAVE (Providing Access to the Visual Environment)
Public Domain Fiction E-text
Pulse Data International Products (BrailleNote and Smart View)

[Return to Top]


Read 'Em and Speak - list of electronic text sources
Readers with Visual Impairments: Web Design Considerations
ReadPlease free text-to-speech software
Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic
Rehabilitation Recruitment Center (job listings for rehabilitation professionals)
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision:
     Main Page
     Dog Guide Schools
     NYS Dog Guide Schools
     Orientation and Mobility
Repro-Tronics Products for Tactile Graphics
Resources for Learning and Refreshing Literary Braille Skills
Resources for Parents and Teachers of Blind Kids (Debbie Day’s Site)
ROPARD (Retinopathy of Prematurity FAQ and Association):
     Main Page
     Frequently Asked Questions
     ROPARD Bibliography - Resources for Parents and Teachers

[Return to Top]


Scan and Read: Portable (e-text) Reading machine from Premier Programming
School for the Blind Searchable Database
Science and Math in E-text and Braille (from Computers to Help People, Inc.)
Scientific Notebook (see also Freedom Scientific/Duxbury)
The Screen Magnifiers Homepage
SEA/NASDSE Survey on Braille Instruction
Section 508 – The Road to Accessibility
Seedlings Braille Books for Children
Self-Advocacy in College
Sensory Tools from Robotron (Talking Compass, Braille Display Scientific Calculator, Pronto Reading Machine and BrailleMaster software)
Shakespeare E-text
Sighted Electronics Products
Software for the Blind or Visually Impaired Computer User
Special Child (for parents & caregivers of children with disabilities)
Special Education in New York State for Children Ages 3-12: A Parent's Guide
Special Education Resources for K-12
Speech Friendly Search Engines and Tools (Tom Brennan’s site)
Sports and Recreation
Standards, Testing and Accountability
Statistics on Vision Impairment: A Resource Manual
Strategies for teaching students with vision impairments:
     Main Page
     Scitech Daily
Students with Disabilities Transition from High School to College Guide

[Return to Top]


Tack-Tiles® Braille System
Tactile Colour for People with Visual Impairments
Tactile Graphics Design
Tactile Graphics – MENTOR
TAEVIS (Tactile Access to Education for Visually Impaired Students)
Teaching Jobs in New York State
TechAdapt: Accessible Media and e-text Services
Techno Braille® from Creative Tactile Solutions
Technology at Your Fingertips handbook
Technology Guide to Assist Students with Visual Impairments in Meeting Curriculum Goals
Technology Literacy Challenge (TLC) Fund of NYS
Tesco Tutorials (Listening to Windows, etc.)
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI):
     Main Page
     Assistive Technology
Text-to-Speech: Speech synthesizer 
Texas Textbook Adoption Proclamation of 1999
Texas Text Exchange
Textbooks in Alternative Formats (NYS Talking Book and Braille Library):
Tiresias International Information on Visual Disability (Scientific Research Unit of Royal National Institute for the Blind):
     Main Page
     Sources of adaptive devices for teaching math and science
Toccata Braille Music Transcription Software
Toshiba America Foundation Education Grants
Touch the Universe: A NASA Braille Book of Astronomy
Touch Window
Toys, Glorious Toys – For children with sensory impairments - From See/Hear
Toys with Switch Activation:
     Enabling Devices
Trace Resource and Development Center for Assistive Technology:
TRAID (Technology Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities)
Transition Resource Institute in Illinois
Transition Resources: miscellaneous sources:
      Exploring College Planning Resources
     From "The Braille Monitor"
     Resources from OK Ahead
     Student and Family Resources
Travel Training
TravelVision Orientation & Mobility Resources
TVI Certification in NYS and other special licenses

[Return to Top]


Unicode: Allows any character from any language or alphabet to be represented uniquely in an electronic source.
University of Pennsylvania Online Texts Collection
U.S. Department of Education Grants and Contracts
U.S. Department of Justice FREE ADA Technical Assistance CD-ROM
User Agent Accessibility Guidelines ( W3C®)
Using Talking Signs® Systems to Teach Blind Children O&M (TSBVI)

[Return to Top]


Vendors Specializing in Technology for the Blind (NY Institute for Sp. Ed. site)
Video TIM (Tactile Imaging Machine), similar to Optacon:
ViewPlus Technologies (Tiger Advantage Tactile Graphics):
     Main Page
     Product Descriptions
V.I. Guide to Internet Resources about Visual Impairments for Parents and Teachers:
     Main Page
     Assistive technology page
Vision Associates
Vision Technology, Inc.
Visual Healing: A Self-Help Therapy Program for Macular Degeneration, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Glaucoma and Other Eye Disorders
Visually Impaired Preschool Services, Inc. (Kentucky)

[Return to Top]


Washington Assistive Technology Alliance
     Resource Links
     Vision Links
WebAble and Web Access Checklists (IBM W3C) and Projects ( NCAM):
     Flash upgrade for Web access
     IBM Accessibility Center
     NCAM Projects
     WebAble Main Page
Web Access (see also Access Board, Accessible Web DesignAccessible Web Tools, American Council of the Blind accessible documents guidelines, Any Browser Campaign for Accessible Web Design, A-Prompt, EASI, Information Technology Technical Assistance and Training Center, Macromedia, National Center for Accessible Media, Readers with Visual Impairments, Section 508, User Agent Accessibility Guidelines (W3C®), WebAble and Web Access Checklists, and XML: Web Accessibility Guidelines)
What is a Disability?
White Canes
WinZip® Archive utility for Windows (use to unzip files to transcribe into braille or LP):
     WinZip® Download
Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative:
     Main Page
     Resource Guide
     Assessment Forms
World Trade Center Disaster Captioned Photos

[Return to Top]


XML: Web Accessibility Guidelines

[Return to Top]


The Zimmerman Low Vision Simulation Kit
Zip and Unzip Utilities:
     PKWare's PKZIP
     Ultimate Zip
     Unzip Wizard

Disclaimer of Endorsement The documents posted on this server contain hypertext links or pointers to information created and maintained by other public and private organizations. These links and pointers are provided for the user's convenience. The Education Department does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of this outside information. Further, the inclusion of links or pointers to particular items in hypertext is not intended to reflect their importance, nor is it intended to endorse any views expressed, or products or services offered, on these outside sites, or the organizations sponsoring the sites.

[Return to Top]

Last Updated: April 24, 2012