Test Access & Accommodations
for Students with Disabilities
Policy and Tools
Dear School Personnel and Parents:
All students, including students with disabilities, are expected to learn and achieve high standards. To meet this goal, students with disabilities must have access to general education curriculum courses, electives and required assessments. This was affirmed in 1997 when the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was amended to require that students with disabilities, including students with severe cognitive disabilities through the development of a State alternate assessment, participate in State and districtwide assessments. IDEA 2004 further strengthened this requirement by adding several new provisions that will ensure that students have access to State tests and that test results are valid and reliable. These provisions include the requirement that State and local districts develop guidelines for the provision of appropriate testing accommodations and, to the extent feasible, use universal design principles in developing and administering State and districtwide tests. These efforts are also consistent with the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which requires each State to implement a system of accountability for schools and districts that is designed to ensure that all children perform at or above proficiency on state academic achievement standards and state assessments.
Many students with disabilities will require testing accommodations in order to participate in testing programs on an equal basis with their nondisabled peers. Such accommodations provide students with the ability to demonstrate mastery of skills and attainment of knowledge without being limited or unfairly restricted due to the effects of a disability.
This manual provides information and tools to assist Committees on Special Education (CSEs) and Section 504 Multidisciplinary Teams (MDT) in making appropriate decisions for determining needed testing accommodations for individual students with disabilities. The manual also provides policy and guidelines for documenting and implementing testing accommodations for classroom, districtwide and State assessments. This document is intended to be used in conjunction with the following documents:
Please contact the Office of Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities (VESID), Special Education Policy and Partnerships at (518) 473-2878 or your Regional Office of Special Education Quality Assurance listed in the Resource section of this manual if you have any questions regarding testing accommodations.
James P. DeLorenzo
The State Education Department does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, religion, creed, disability, marital status, veteran status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation in its educational programs, services and activities. Portions of this publication can be made available in a variety of formats, including Braille, large print or audiotape, upon request. Inquiries concerning this policy of nondiscrimination should be directed to the Departmentís Office for Diversity, Ethics, and Access, Room 530, Education Building, Albany, NY 12234.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter I: Access and Accountability
Chapter II: Purpose of State Assessments
Chapter III: The Decision-Making Process