Special Education

Overview of the Annual Performance Report Development:

See Overview of the Development of the Annual Performance Report (APR) in the Introduction section, page 1.

Monitoring Priority: FAPE in the LRE

Indicator 2:  Percent of youth with individualized education programs (IEPs) dropping out of high school.
(20 U.S.C. 1416 (a)(3)(A))

Measurement:

Measurement for youth with IEPs is the same measurement as for all youth.  The calculation is explained below.

New York State’s (NYS) Measurement:

Percent of “total cohort” of students with disabilities who dropout as of August after four years of first entering 9th grade or, for ungraded students with disabilities, after four years of becoming 17 years of age.

Please note, the above measurement represents a change from the data provided in the federal fiscal year (FFY) 2007 (2007-08), FFY 2006, and FFY 2005 APRs.  In these earlier documents, the State reported results of the total cohort after four years as of June (or, for ungraded students with disabilities, after four years from becoming 17 years of age).  Based on a change in federal requirements for FFY 2008, which required the State to use the same data as are used under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the change has been made to report results of the total cohort, four years later, as of August (or, for ungraded students with disabilities, after four years from becoming 17 years of age).

NYS uses the same total cohort data for dropout rate calculation as are used in the ESEA graduation rate calculation and follows the timeline established by the United States Education Department under Title I of ESEA.  At the beginning of the State Performance Plan (SPP) in 2004-05, this was the percent of the “graduation-rate cohort” of students with disabilities who dropped out of school.  To remain consistent with ESEA changes, beginning with school year 2005-06, the reference group changed to the “total cohort.”

Data Source:

The Student Information Repository System (SIRS) for collecting dropout data for all students.

NYS’ Calculation for Drop Out Rate for School Year 2010-11:

For FFY 2011, the 2006 district total cohort is the denominator.

The 2006 district total cohort consists of all students, regardless of their current grade level, who met one of the following conditions:

  • First entered 9th grade at any time during the 2006-07 school year (July 1, 2006 through June 30, 2007); or, in the case of ungraded students with disabilities, reached their 17th birthday during the 2006-07 school year; or
  • Ungraded students are included in the 2006 cohort if their birth date is between July 1, 1989 and June 30, 1990 (inclusive).

Students who have spent at least five months in district schools or out-of-district placements during year 1, 2, 3, or 4 of high school are included in the district total cohort unless they transferred to another diploma-granting program outside the district. For the 2006 Total Cohort, years 1, 2, 3, and 4 are the 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, and 2009-10 school years, respectively.  Beginning with the 2011-12 school year, the five month requirement changed to a one day requirement for inclusion in the district total cohort (unless transferred to another diploma-granting program outside the district). This change applies to students with and without disabilities.

A student will be included in the district total cohort if the student’s enrollment record in the district shows that the student was enrolled for:

  • at least five continuous (not including July and August) months and the reason for ending enrollment in the district was not one of the following:  transferred to a school in another district, a nonpublic school, or a school outside New York; died; transferred by court order; or left the US; or
  • less than five months and has an ending reason indicating that the student dropped out or transferred to an approved Alternative High School Equivalency Preparation Program (AHSEPP) or High School Equivalency Preparation Program (HSEPP) program and the student’s previous enrollment record in that district (assuming one exists) indicates that the student:
    1. was enrolled in the district for at least five months (not including July and August); and
    2. dropped out or transferred to an AHSEPP or HSEPP program.

(The five-month enrollment rule does not apply to the statewide aggregated total cohort data displayed in this APR.)

The numerator for the computation of the rate of dropping out is the number of total cohort students with disabilities who dropped out as of August after four years of first entering 9th grade or, for ungraded students with disabilities, after four years of becoming 17 years of age.

Definition of Drop Out:

Information pertaining to the rules for reporting dropout data can be found throughout the SIRS Manual at  http://www.p12.nysed.gov/irs/sirs/.  The definition of “dropout” may be found on pages 236-237 of Appendix V: Terms and Acronyms.

“A dropout is any student, regardless of age, who left school prior to graduation for any reason except death or leaving the country and has not been documented to have entered another program leading to a high school diploma or an approved program leading to a high school equivalency diploma.  NYSED reports an annual and cohort dropout rate.  A student who leaves during the school year without documentation of a transfer to another program leading to a high school diploma or to an approved AHSEPP or to an HSEPP is counted as a dropout unless the student resumes school attendance before the end of the school year.  The student’s registration for the next school year does not exempt him or her from dropout status in the current school year.  Students who resume and continue enrollment until graduation are not counted as dropouts in the cohort dropout calculation.  In computing annual dropout rates, students who are reported as having been counted by the same school as a dropout in a previous school year are not counted as a dropout in the current school year.”

For further information about cohorts used in the past, see SPP Indicator 1 for the definitions of Graduation-Rate Cohort and School and District Accountability Cohort, and the history of changing the definition of Graduation-Rate Cohort in 2006-07.

Note:  NYS baseline and targets were adjusted in FFY 2007, when the ESEA measure used by the State to determine dropout rate changed to being based on the performance of the “total cohort.”

FFY Measurable and Rigorous Target
FFY 2011
(2010-11 school year)
(2006 total cohort as of August 2010)*
No more than 14 percent of students with disabilities will drop out of school.
*Note:  The language in this target chart is consistent with March 2009 federal requirements for the lag in reporting for this indicator using ESEA definitions and timelines.

Actual Target Data for FFY 2011:

In the 2010-11 school year, 16.0 percent of students with disabilities in the 2006 total cohort as of August 2010 dropped out of school.

Total Cohort, As of August, Four Years Later
Cohort Year All Students Students with Disabilities
# in Cohort Dropout # & Rate # in Cohort Dropout # & Rate
2003 220,332 n = 25,415
11.5%
28,528 n = 4,829
16.9%
2004223,726 n = 22,253
10%
31,252 n = 5,001
16.0%
2005225,219n = 21,647
9.6%
32,058n = 5,352
16.7%
2006 224,744 n = 20,547
9.1%
32,696 n = 5,228
16.0%

 

Need/ Resource
Capacity Category
2005 Total Cohort of
SWD As of August
Four Years Later
2006 Total Cohort of
SWD As of August
Four Years Later
# in Cohort1 Dropout Rate # in Cohort2 Dropout Rate
New York City 10,753 21.0% 11,367 20.8%
Large Four Cities 1,660 29.8% 1,906 33.7%
Urban/Suburban
High Need Districts
2,698 18.3% 2,698 17.9%
Rural High Need Districts 2,486 17.9% 2,413 19.5%
Average Need Districts 10,277 11.9% 10,052 10.8%
Low Need Districts 4,086 4.4% 4,098 3.6%
Charter Schools 98 14.3% 162 13.6%
Total State 32,058 15.9% 32,696 16.0%

 

Group of
School Districts
2005 Total Cohort of
SWD As of August
Four Years Later
2006 Total Cohort of
SWD As of August
Four Years Later
# in Cohort Dropout Rate # in Cohort Dropout Rate
Big Five Cities3 12,413 22.1% 13,273 22.7%
Rest of State 19,645 12.0% 19,423 11.4%
Total State 32,058 15.9% 32,696 16.0%

Discussion of Improvement Activities and Explanation of Progress or Slippage, if the State did not meet its target, that occurred for FFY 2011:

Explanation of Progress or Slippage

In the 2010-11 school year, the State did not meet its target that no more than 15 percent of students with disabilities will drop out of school.  The State showed minor slippage, with an increase in the dropout rate for students with disabilities of 0.1 percentage points from FFY 2010.  An analysis of the need/resource categories of districts and their dropout rates shows that slippage occurred in the large four cities and rural high needs districts but improvement occurred in all other categories.  It is important to note that the categories with the largest counts of students in the cohort, New York City and Average Needs Districts, each decreased dropout rates by almost two percentage points.  The students in these two categories represent 66 percent of the total cohort while the students in the categories showing slippage represent 13 percent of the total cohort.

Dropout rates for the 2006 total cohort by need/resource category of school districts ranged from a high of 33.7 percent in the large four cities to a low of 3.6 percent in low need school districts.

Improvement Activities Completed during 2011-12

See improvement activities completed for Indicator 1.

Revisions, with Justification, to Proposed Targets / Improvement Activities / Timelines / Resources for FFY 2012 [If applicable]

See Indicator 1.


1 2005 Cohort Number of Dropouts: 2254 in NYC;  494 in Large Four; 495 in High Need Urban/Suburban;  444 in High Need Rural; 1228 in Average; 180 in Low Need; 14 in Charter Schools
2 2006 Cohort Number of Dropouts: 2370 in NYC;  642 in Large Four; 484 in High Need Urban/Suburban;  471 in High Need Rural; 1090 in Average; 149 in Low Need; 22 in Charter Schools
3 Big Five Cities include NYC and the Large Four Cities

Last Updated: March 5, 2013