Students Scoring in the 51st to 99Th Percentile Psychosocial Adjustment: T-CRS Task Orientation

Multiply values by 100 to obtain percent values
Kindergarten
Preschool Cohort, Related Services Only0.48
Preschool Cohort, Related Services and SEIT0.19
Preschool Cohort, Special Class Integrated Setting0.35
Preschool Cohort, Special Class Program0.23

Chart Image: Bar chart - psycholsocial adjustment - task orientation

Notes:

The Teacher-Child Rating Scale (T-CRS) 2.1 measured psychosocial development on four domains - task orientation, behavior control, assertiveness and peer social skills. The percent of students scoring between the 51st and 99th percentile on the TCRS is used in our study to see how many of our students are performing similarly to students without disabilities at the same age/grade level per an extensive set of norms. Developed by Perkins and Hightower of the University of Rochester for the Children's Institute (formerly the Primary Mental Health Project) in Rochester in 1986, revised in 2001. It is used annually as one program evaluation tool for the RECAP project (Rochester Early Childhood Education Programs). It correlates with more extensive measures of student adjustment used to identify psycho-social adjustment issues. Scoring at or below the 15th percentile is an indication of being at risk.

Positive Task Orientation would include student being observed as follows:
  • A self-starter
  • Functions well even with distractions
  • Works well even without adult support
  • Completes schoolwork.

Negative Task Orientation would be observed as follows:

  • Has difficulty following directions.
  • Underachieving (not working to ability)
  • Poorly motivated to achieve
  • Has poor concentration, limited attention span.

Preliminary summary of findings
Source: independent research by MGT of America, Inc.

NYSED VESID, DVJ

Oct. 3, 2007