SSS

Student Support Services

Section 2801 – Chapter 16, Title II, Article 55

§  2801.  Codes of conduct on school property.

1. For purposes of this section, school property means in or within any  building, structure, athletic playing field, playground, parking lot or land contained within the  real  property  boundary  line  of a public elementary or secondary school; or in or on a school bus, as defined  in  section  one  hundred forty-two  of  the  vehicle and traffic law; and a school function shall mean a school-sponsored or school-authorized extra-curricular  event  or activity  regardless  of  where  such  event  or  activity  takes place, including any event or activity that may take place in another state.

2. The board of education or the trustees, as defined in section two of  this  chapter,  of  every  school district within the state, however created, and every board of cooperative educational services and  county vocational  extension  board,  shall  adopt and amend, as appropriate, a code of conduct  for  the  maintenance  of  order  on  school  property, including a school function, which shall govern the conduct of students, teachers  and  other  school  personnel  as  well  as visitors and shall provide for the enforcement thereof. Such policy may be adopted  by  the school  board  or  trustees  only after at least one public hearing that provides for the participation of school  personnel,  parents,  students and any other interested parties. Such code of conduct shall include, at a minimum:

a. provisions regarding conduct, dress and language deemed appropriate and  acceptable  on  school  property,  including a school function, and conduct, dress and language deemed  unacceptable  and  inappropriate  on school  property,  including a school function, and provisions regarding acceptable  civil  and  respectful   treatment   of   teachers,   school administrators,  other school personnel, students and visitors on school property, including a school function, including the  appropriate  range of  disciplinary  measures  which  may  be imposed for violation of such code, and the roles of teachers, administrators, other school personnel, the board of education and parents;

b. standards and procedures to assure security and safety of  students and school personnel;

c.  provisions  for  the  removal  from  the classroom and from school property, including a school function, of students and other persons who violate the code;

d. disciplinary measures  to  be  taken  in  incidents  involving  the possession  or use of illegal substances or weapons, the use of physical force, vandalism,  violation  of  another  student's  civil  rights  and threats of violence;

e. provisions for detention, suspension and removal from the classroom of students, consistent with section thirty-two hundred fourteen of this chapter  and  other  applicable  federal, state and local laws including provisions  for  the  school  authorities  to  establish  policies   and procedures  to ensure the provision of continued educational programming and activities for  students  removed  from  the  classroom,  placed  in detention, or suspended from school;

f. procedures by which violations are reported, determined, discipline measures imposed and discipline measures carried out;

g.  provisions  ensuring  such code and the enforcement thereof are in compliance with  state  and  federal  laws  relating  to  students  with disabilities;

h.  provisions  setting  forth  the  procedures  by  which  local  law enforcement  agencies  shall  be  notified  of  code  violations   which constitute a crime;

i.  provisions setting forth the circumstances under and procedures by which persons in parental relation to the student shall be  notified  of code violations;

j.  provisions setting forth the circumstances under and procedures by which a complaint in criminal court, a juvenile delinquency petition  or person  in need of supervision petition as defined in articles three and seven of the family court act will be filed;

k. circumstances under and procedures by which referral to appropriate human service agencies shall be made;

l.  a  minimum  suspension  period,  for  students  who repeatedly are substantially disruptive of the  educational  process  or  substantially interfere with the teacher's authority over the classroom, provided that the  suspending authority may reduce such period on a case by case basis to be consistent with any other state and federal law. For  purposes  of this   section,   the   definition   of  "repeatedly  are  substantially disruptive" shall be determined in accordance with  the  regulations  of the commissioner; and

m.  a  minimum suspension period for acts that would qualify the pupil to be defined as a violent pupil pursuant to paragraph a of  subdivision two-a  of  section thirty-two hundred fourteen of this chapter, provided that the suspending authority may reduce such period on a case  by  case basis to be consistent with any other state and federal law.

* 3.  The district code of conduct shall be developed in collaboration with student, teacher, administrator, and parent  organizations,  school safety personnel and other school personnel and shall be approved by the board of education, or other governing body, or by the chancellor of the city school district in the case of the city school district of the city of  New  York. In the city school district of the city of New York, each community district education council shall be authorized  to  adopt  and implement  additional  policies,  which  are  consistent  with  the city district's district-wide code of  conduct,  to  reflect  the  individual needs  of  each  community school district provided that such additional policies shall require the approval of the chancellor.

* NB Effective until June 30, 2009

* 3. The district code of conduct shall be developed in  collaboration with  student,  teacher, administrator, and parent organizations, school safety personnel and other school personnel and shall be approved by the board of education, or other governing body, or by the chancellor of the city school district in the case of the city school district of the city of New York. In the city school district of the city of New  York,  each community  school  district  board  shall  be  authorized  to  adopt and implement additional  policies,  which  are  consistent  with  the  city district's  district-wide  code  of  conduct,  to reflect the individual needs of each community school district provided  that  such  additional policies shall require the approval of the chancellor.

* NB Effective June 30, 2009

4.  The  board  of education, chancellor or other governing body shall provide copies of a summary of the code of conduct to all students at  a general assembly held at the beginning of the school year and shall make copies of the code available to persons in parental relation to students at  the  beginning  of each school year, and shall mail a plain language summary of such code to all persons in  parental  relation  to  students before  the  beginning  of  each  school  year,  and  make  it available thereafter upon request. The board of  education,  chancellor  or  other governing body shall take reasonable steps to ensure community awareness of the code provisions.

5.

a. The board of education, chancellor or other governing body shall annually review and update the district's codes of conduct if necessary, taking  into  consideration the effectiveness of code provisions and the fairness and consistency of its administration. Each school district  is authorized  to establish a committee and to facilitate the review of the code  of  conduct  and  the  district's  response  to  code  of  conduct violations. Any such committee shall be comprised of similar individuals described  in  subdivision  three  of  this  section.  The school board, chancellor,  or  other  governing  body shall reapprove any such updated code only after at least  one  public  hearing  that  provides  for  the participation  of  school  personnel,  parents,  students  and any other interested parties.

b. Each district shall file a copy of its codes of  conduct  with  the commissioner  and  all  amendments  to such code shall be filed with the commissioner no later than thirty days after their adoption.

Last Updated: March 9, 2009