Educational Design and Technology

Climate Conducive to Learning

Students seek opportunities to visit the library media center; library atmosphere invites all to explore, read and learn; provisions for diverse student needs are met


School Properties that Support Student Achievement

Organizational Climate of Schools

Organizational Climate is a general term that refers to teachers' perceptions of the work environment; it a set of internal characteristics that distinguishes one organization from another. Thus, school climate is a relatively enduring quality of the school environment that is experienced by participants, affects their behavior, and is based on their collective perceptions of behavior in schools (Hoy & Miskel, 2008). In brief, personality is to individual what climate is to organization. Two perspectives on school climate are the openness of school climate and the health of school climate.

[From: Hoy, W. K. & Miskel, C. G. (2008). Educational Administration: Theory, Research, and Practice]

Additional Reading

Alvarado, C. Four Ways Your School Media Center Can Welcome English Language Learners.  Media Spectrum 8, 6-9, fall, 2002.

Advice for meeting the needs of English language learners: how to be a source of cultural knowledge; consider the students’ culture; purchase materials that make the curriculum accessible for all; encourage communication.  Also includes a list of resources for teaching ELLs.

Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C. J., & Kottkamp, R. B. Open Schools/ Healthy Schools: Measuring Organizational Climate. Sage Publishing, Beverly Hills, CA, 1991.

Hoy, W. K. & Miskel, C. G. Educational Administration: Theory, Research, and Practice, 8th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008.

Web Resources                                                                                    Small party in library

Hoy, Wayne K., Educational Administration School of Educational Policy and Leadership

The Ohio State University.
Organizational Climate Description – Elementary Schools (OCDQ-RE) http://www.waynekhoy.com/ocdq-re.html external link

Organizational Climate Description – Middle Schools

http://www.waynekhoy.com/ocdq-rm.html external link

Organizational Climate Description – Secondary Schools

http://www.waynekhoy.com/ocdq-rs.html external link

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2008).  Learning Climate Questionnaire (LCQ). 

Self-Determination Theory Web site: http://www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/measures/paslearning.php external link


[Photo courtesy New York Library Association]

Last Updated: December 16, 2014