Educational Design and Technology

Collaborative Planning

Three librarians together

Students are encouraged to become lifelong learners through the collaboration and coordination of the library media program with classrooms and the community

Collaboration is intended to “promote the most effective teaching possible for the greatest number of students” (Pugach and Johnson 1995, 178). In the library field, Callison (1997) proposes that collaboration for SLMSs means “coplanning, coimplementation, and coevaluation” (37). Russell (2002) explains that collaboration is based on shared goals, shared vision, a climate of trust, respect, comprehensive planning, and shared risks. “The teacher brings to the partnership knowledge of the strengths and weakness[es] of the students and of the content to be taught. The [SLMS] adds a thorough understanding of information skills and methods to integrate them” (36). Donham’s (1999) suggests what true collaboration means for library media specialists and teachers. She states:

When teachers and library media specialists work together to identify what students need to know about accessing, evaluating, interpreting, and applying information; when they plan how and where these skills will be taught and how they relate to content area learning; when they co-teach so students learn the skills at a time when they need them; and when they assess the students’ process as they work with information as well as the end product, they have truly collaborated (21).
A definition proposed by (Buzzeo 2002) provides a guide for practitioners. It defines collaborative planning “as two or more equal partners who set out to create a unit of study based on content standards in one or more content areas plus information literacy standards, a unit that will be team-designed, team-taught and team-evaluated” (7).

[From: Montiel-Overall, Patricia. 2005. Toward a Theory of Collaboration for Teachers and Librariansexternal link.]


Additional Reading

Buzzeo, T. 2002. Collaborating to Meet Standards: Teacher/Library Media Specialist Partnerships for K–6. Worthington, Ohio: Linworth.

Haycock, K. 2003. Collaboration: Because Student Achievement is the Bottom Line. Knowledge Quest 32, no. 1 (Sept. /Oct.): 54.

Lance, K. C. What Research Tells Us About the Importance of School Libraries. Institute of Museums and Library Services—White House Conference on School Libraries.
http://school-library-bestpracticesnotebook.wikispaces.com/file/view/Lance-10-02-JSLP.pdf external link PDF file icon (230 KB)

Wolcott, Linda Lachance. 1994. Understanding How Teachers Plan: Strategies for Successful Instructional Partnershipsexternal link PDF file icon (65.2KB) . SLMQ Volume 22, Number 3, Spring 1994.

Web Resources

New York City School Library System, The Library Learning Walk, http://schools.nyc.gov/NR/rdonlyres/E76C2469-D2F0-4B98-85BA-BF05E7A8CB20/33509/LIBRARYLEARNINGWALKconsolidated.docexternal link Word document icon (111 KB)

School Library System Association of New York

Forms for Planning, Collaboration, and Documentation

http://www.slsa-nys.org/curriculum.cfm?subpage=612960external link

Collaborative Planning Organizer  

Designed by: Stevan Kalmon, Senior Technology Planning Consultant and Nance Nassar, School Library Senior Consultant Education Technology Center and the State Library Colorado Department of Education; http://www.lrs.org/documents/lmcstudies/collab_plan_organizer.pdf external link PDF file icon (9 KB)

IMPACT: Guidelines for North Carolina Media and Technology Programs


PHASE 3: Setting the Stage for Successful Collaboration

PHASE 4: Formal Collaboration

PHASE 5: Beyond the Classroom
http://www.ncwiseowl.org/IMPACT/implement.htm#phase3external link

NBPTS Library Media Standard IV: Integrating Instruction
“Accomplished library media specialists integrate information literacy through collaboration,

planning, implementation, and assessment of learning.”

The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) is an independent, nonprofit, nonpartisan, nongovernmental organization formed in 1987 to advance the quality of teaching and learning by developing professional standards for accomplished teaching.
http://www.nbpts.org/sites/default/files/documents/certificates/nbpts-certificate-cya-lm-standards.pdf external link PDF file icon (690KB)

American Association of School Librarians (AASL)

Resource Guides for School Library Media Program Development, Collaborationexternal link

Indiana Learns Collaborative Planning. 

Collaborative planning resources, tips, and samples from the Indiana Department of Education Office of Learning Resources.
http://www.indianalearns.org/collaborative.asp external link

[Phtot credit: New York Library Association]

Last Updated: April 1, 2015